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Once the accident investigation process is complete and the final report done, a review process should be in place, with management involvement, to determine the actions to be taken regarding the findings and recommendations from the final report. A process should be installed or formulated to ensure the implementation of interventions and preventive activities. Once the implementation process is in place and active, its overall effectiveness needs to be determined. Companies will want to know how the accident investigation process and outcome impacts their safety and health program and allows them to assess the need for change in their safety and health effort. Accident investigations are an integral part of any good safety and health initiative or program. Investigations should be performed for all accidents, injuries, illnesses, property damage, and near-miss incidents. It should be a formalized part of a company's safety and health commitment.

Further Readings

Reese, C.D. Accident/Incident Prevention Techniques (Second Edition). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2012.

Reese, C.D. Occupational Health and Safety Management (Third Edition). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2016.

Reese, C.D. and J.V. Eidson. Handbook of OSHA Construction Safety & Health (Second Edition). Boca Raton, FL: CRC/Lewis Publishers, 2006.

United State Department of Labor, Mines Safety and Health Administration. Accident Investigation (Safety Manual No. 10). Beckley: Revised 1990.

United States Department of Labor, National Mine Health and Safety Academy. Accident Prevention Techniques: Accident Investigation. Beckley: 1984.

United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Office of Training and Education. OSHA Voluntary Compliance Outreach Program: Instructors Reference Manual. Des Plaines IL: US Department of Labor, 1993.

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