Section H Controlling Hazards

In addressing hazards, it is noted that most occupational safety and health (OSH) accident/ incidents often result in injuries, illnesses, or deaths that are caused by a failure to control the energy released when a control fails or fails to exist. Coming in contact with energy in motion or stored energy results in an event that could have been prevented if an appropriate or effective control were present.

The contents of this section are as follows:

Chapter 39—Designing for Prevention

Chapter 40—Controls

Chapter 41—Personal Protective Equipment

Chapter 42—Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Designing for Prevention

As a way of controlling hazards, the term designing out can come into the picture. What this means is that instead of controlling hazards, why not prevent them from occurring in the first place? This is visualized as designing for safety and health by designing out any potential hazards before they become they become part of a process or become a machine or piece of equipment that has an inherent risk or hazard.

This would be like designing a workplace in the same fashion as designing a spaceship. From experience, it is known that designing out safety and health risk starts before the actual paper-and-pencil design stage. It begins with the idea and with the stated goal of having no safety or health issues to be found in the final design of the product or process. At times, this means the need for redundant systems, purchasing requirements, fail-safe devices, good quality of material used, and expressed warranties.

This means that human factors relevant to operating equipment are a part of the design such that controls are appropriate for the operator whether operator is left or right handed. The equipment or machines' process in the direction operators expressly view as normal. Any change in normal operating procedures increases the risk of an unplanned event.

 
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