It is important to identify the existing or potential safety hazards and take steps to remove or limit their effects on the workforce. This can be accomplished by utilizing many approaches to control, prevent, or remove safety hazards that could cause injury, illness, and death in the workplace.
Once hazards have been identified, assessed, and controlled, the employer and worker representatives should work together to develop training programs for workers, emergency response procedures, and safety and health requirements for contractors. Someone needs to be responsible for monitoring these activities to ensure they are effective.
The employer is responsible for ensuring that workplace hazards are identified, assessed, and appropriately controlled. Workers must be told about the hazards they face and taught how to control them.
The employer is expected to consult and involve the occupational safety health professionals or worker representatives in the hazard control process. Helping the employer identify, assess, and control hazards is one of the most important roles of the responsible party in the internal responsibility system. Hazards are broadly divided into two groups: hazards that cause illness (health hazards) and those that cause injury (safety hazards). Hazards can be identified by asking what harm could result if a dangerous tool, process, machine, piece of equipment, and so forth failed. Safety and health hazards can be controlled at the source, along the path, or at the level of the worker. Once controls are in place, they must be checked periodically to make sure they are still working properly. Someone should be responsible for auditing the hazard controls in the internal responsibility system and help the employer keep them effective.