Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC)

The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC) was established, under the OSHAct, to conduct hearings when OSHA citations and penalties are contested by employers or by their employees. As with NIOSH, OSHRC formation was a requirement of the OSHAct, but it is a separate entity from OSHA.

Employer Responsibilities under the OSHAct

The employer is held accountable and responsible under the OSHAct. The General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1) of the OSHAct, states that employers are obligated to provide a workplace free of recognized hazards that are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees. This is why employers must do the following:

  • • Abide and comply with the OSHA standards
  • • Maintain records of all occupational injuries and illnesses
  • • Maintain records of workers' exposure to toxic materials and harmful physical agents
  • • Make workers aware of their rights under the OSHAct
  • • Provide, at a convenient location and at no cost, medical examinations to workers when the OSHA standards require them
  • • Report within 8 hours to the nearest OSHA office all occupational fatalities or catastrophes where three or more employees are hospitalized
  • • Abate cited violations of the OSHA standard within the prescribed time period
  • • Provide training on hazardous materials and make Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) that provide information on hazards available to worker upon request
  • • Assure that workers are adequately trained under the regulations
  • • Post information required by OSHA such as citations, hazard warnings, and injury/illness records
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