Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

The recording and reporting of occupational injuries and illness requirements can be found in 29 CFR 1904—Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. This regulation has been revised and came into effect as of January 2002. These requirements are summarized in the following paragraphs.

Any illness that has been caused by exposure to environmental factors such as inhalation, absorption, ingestion, or direct contact with toxic substances or harmful agents and has resulted in an abnormal condition or disorder that is acute or chronic is classified as an occupational disease. Repetitive-motion injuries are also included in this category. All illnesses are recordable, regardless of severity. Injuries are recordable under the following conditions:

  • • An on-the-job death occurs regardless of length of time between injury and death.
  • • One or more lost workdays occurs.
  • • Restriction of work or motion transpires.
  • • Loss of consciousness occurs.
  • • Worker is transferred to another job.
  • • Worker receives medical treatment beyond first aid.

Employers with more than 10 employees are required to complete and maintain occupational injury and illness records. The OSHA 301, Injury and Illness Incident Report, or equivalent, must be completed within 7 days of the occurrence of an injury at the work site and must be retained for 5 years. Also, the OSHA 300, Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses, is to be completed within 7 days when a recordable injury or illness occurs, and maintained for 5 years. The OSHA 300A, Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses, must be posted yearly from February 1 to April 30. OSHA forms can now be maintained on the computer until they are needed.

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