Why Preplan?

Since emergencies will occur, preplanning is necessary to prevent a possible disaster. An urgent need for rapid decisions, short reaction time, and lack of resources (emergency equipment) and trained personnel can lead to chaos during an emergency. Time and circumstances in an emergency may mean that normal channels of authority and communication cannot be relied upon to function as normally intended. The stress of the situation can lead to poor judgment, resulting in severe losses. The preplan may be a rather extensive document with instructions, responsibilities, special procedures, unique equipment needs, designated chain of command, prearrangements with emergency response personnel and their role in an emergency event, first-aid training, and list of adequate medical supplies.

The plan should be a living document that has been preflighted, practiced, and drilled and has been changed based upon these activities. It should be thoroughly reviewed after an emergency and any deficiencies corrected.

 
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