Workplace Violence Statistics
In 1995, the Workplace Violence Institute reported that the cost of workplace violence was $35.5 billion. In 2005, 355,000 (5%) of workplace violence incidents occurred in the 7.1 million private industry businesses. The fatalities in the workplace in 2005 were 5,702, with 564 of these being homicides. Homicide is the second leading cause of workplace deaths or one in every six fatal occupational injuries. Eight percent were caused by firearms, and 20% were from bombings, stabbings, or beatings.
The US Department of Justice indicates that between 1992 and 1996, 2 million individuals were victims of violent crime or threatened with violent criminal acts in the workplace. Simple assault accounted for 1.5 million of these incidents.
In many cases (37%), the victims of workplace violence knew their offenders, but only 1% were victimized by a current or former spouse, boyfriend, or girlfriend. Among these, a spouse was the perpetrator of the crime 21% of the time when a woman was the victim and 2% of the time when the victim was male.
Of those committing workplace violence, 67% were males and 33% females. The victims were injured only 12% of the time. Of the injured victims, only one-half required medical attention.
The estimated annual victimizations for the years 1993 through 1999 for workplace crimes counted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey and the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicated the following:
- • All violent crimes = 1.75 million
- • Simple assaults = 1.3 million (74%)
- • Aggravated assaults = 325,000 (19%)
- • Robberies = 70,100 (4%)
- • Rapes and sexual assaults = 36,500 (2%)
- • Homicides = 900 (.05%)
The rate of violence per 1,000 workers during the 5-year period for selected occupations was as follows:
- • Law enforcement officer = 306
- • Prison or jail correction officer = 218
- • Taxi driver = 184
- • Private security guard = 117
- • Bartender = 91
- • Mental health professional = 80
- • Gas station attendant = 79
- • Convenience or liquor store clerk = 68
- • Mental health custodial worker = 63
- • Junior high or middle school teacher = 57
- • Bus driver = 45
- • Special education teacher = 41
- • High school teacher = 29
- • Elementary school teacher = 16
- • College or university teacher = 3
Fewer than half of all the nonfatal workplace crimes are reported to the police.