Table of Contents:

Type I Events

The majority (60%) of workplace homicides involve a person entering a small late-night retail establishment, e.g., liquor store, gas station, or convenience food store, to commit a robbery. During the commission of the robbery, an employee or, more likely, the proprietor is killed or injured.

Employees or proprietors who have face-to-face contact and exchange money with the public, work late at night and into the early morning hours, and work alone or in very small numbers are at the greatest risk of a type I event. While the assailant may feign to be a customer as a pretext to enter the establishment, he/she has no legitimate business relationship to the workplace.

Type II Events

A type II workplace violence event involves an assault by someone who is either the recipient or the object of a service provided by the affected workplace or the victim. Even though type I events represent the most common type of fatality, type II events involving victims who provide services to the public are also increasing. Type II events accounted for approximately 30% of workplace homicides. Further, when more occupation-specific data about nonfatal workplace violence become available, nonfatal type II events involving assaults to service providers, especially to health care providers, may represent the most prevalent category of workplace violence resulting in physical injury. Type II events involve fatal or nonfatal injuries to individuals who provide services to the public. These

events include assaults on public safety and correctional personnel, municipal bus or railway drivers, health care and social service providers, teachers, sales personnel, and other public or private service sector employees who provide professional, public safety, administrative, or business services to the public. This is also prevalent for public safety services (i.e., law enforcement).

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