The standard includes a list of highly hazardous chemicals, which includes toxic, flammable, highly reactive, and explosive substances. The standard also contains specified minimum elements that the OSHA standard requires employers to comply with, as follows:
- 1. Develop and maintain written safety information identifying workplace chemical and process hazards, equipment used in the processes, and technology used in the processes
- 2. Perform a workplace hazard assessment, including, as appropriate, identification of potential sources of accidental releases, identification of any previous release within the facility that had a potential for catastrophic consequences in the workplace, estimation of workplace effects of a range of releases, and estimation of the safety and health effects of such a range on employees
- 3. Consult with employees and their representatives on the development and conduct of hazard assessments and the development of chemical accident prevention plans, and provide access to these and other records required under the standard
- 4. Establish a system to respond to the workplace hazard assessment findings, which shall address prevention, mitigation, and emergency responses
- 5. Review periodically the workplace hazard assessment and response system
- 6. Develop and implement written operating procedures for the chemical processes, including procedures for each operating phase, operating limitations, and safety and health considerations
- 7. Provide written safety and operating information for employees and employee training in operating procedures, by emphasizing hazards and safe practices that must be developed and made available
- 8. Ensure that contractors and contract employees are provided with appropriate information and training
- 9. Train and educate employees and contractors in emergency response procedures in a manner as comprehensive and effective as that required by the regulation promulgated pursuant to Section 126(d) of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act
- 10. Establish a quality assurance program to ensure that initial process-related equipment, maintenance materials, and spare parts are fabricated and installed consistent with design specifications
- 11. Establish maintenance systems for critical process-related equipment, including written procedures, employee training, appropriate inspections, and testing of such equipment to ensure ongoing mechanical integrity
- 12. Conduct pre-start-up safety reviews of all newly installed or modified equipment
- 13. Establish and implement written procedures managing change to process chemicals, technology, equipment, and facilities
- 14. Investigate every incident that results in or could have resulted in a major accident in the workplace, with any findings to be reviewed by operating personnel and modifications made, if needed
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