• 1. TCFL (teaching Chinese as a foreign language) is an acronym that refers to the study of standard Chinese (Mandarin Chinese) by non-native speakers. In this study, I consider TCFL as a main area of research with a focus on Danish speakers learning Chinese as a foreign language in Denmark.
  • 2. NCLTs (native Chinese-speaking language teachers) is an acronym that refers to the growing body of Chinese language teachers whose first or native language is Chinese and who teach Chinese to non-native Chinese speakers. The term NCLTs was coined to highlight the dichotomy between native Chinese-speaking language teachers and non-native Chinese-speaking language teachers. Considering that Chinese is taught and learned differently than Danish and English (English is commonly considered a second language in Denmark), I support the use of the term NCLTs in this study.


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