WHO ARE COUNSELORS AND WHAT DO THEY DO?
As you may recall, "Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals” (Kaplan, Tarvydas, & Gladding, 2014, p. 368). This definition of counseling is somewhat vague when trying to identify who counselors are and what counselors really do—and for that matter, what counselors don’t do—depending on their areas of expertise and the settings where they practice. A counselor’s professional title and scope of practice will vary across professional employment settings. But what kind oftitles can a counselor actually have? What is a scope of practice? What tasks fill up a "normal” workday for counselors? How will I know I’m in the right specialization or work setting? Let’s address these questions and then outline the unique attributes of each counseling specialty area recognized in the counseling profession based upon the most recent educational standards for entry level counselor preparation programs (i.e., master’s level).