Openness and transparency

All OECD countries are taking steps to open and make available justice statistics. Twenty-seven OECD countries also participate in the biennial data collection exercise of the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice. Key judicial indicators cover court organisation and performance,

ADR, gender distribution, and information and communications technology (ICT).

Box 8.1. Specialised justice services for indigenous communities

OECD countries with large indigenous communities have implemented different measures to respond to their legal needs, and adopted specialised judicial mechanisms and courts. In Chile, the Defensoria Penal Publica (“Public Criminal Advocacy Office”) is one of the few organisms in the region providing public legal counselling to indigenous people in their own language. It includes one specialised advocacy office (for Mapuche). In Canada, the Access to Justice Services Agreements (AJAs) are funding arrangements between the federal government and Canada’s three territories (Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut). They are the means by which the government of Canada financially supports the delivery of access to justice services in northern communities, including legal aid (both criminal and civil), Aboriginal courtwork services, and public legal education and information. There are 25 Indian Legal Services offices in the United States (collectively known as the National Association of Indian Legal Services - NAILS) that serve Native Americans both inside and outside Indian country. In New Zealand, the Maori Land Court has jurisdiction to hear matters relating to Maori land, including successions, title improvements, Maori land sales, and the administration of Maori land trusts and Incorporations.

 
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