Existential counseling or psychotherapy has found application among diverse settings, individuals, and groups. The field of family counseling (Miller, 2009) has embraced existentialism as providing a contextual approach based on choice, responsibility, and growth. Group counseling also has been an area for applications of the existential model. The interpersonal relationships of a group are directly addressed by an existential approach (Ruzicka, 2007; Spinelli, 2007; Yalom, 2005) because these struggles are easily addressed in the context of others. Short-term existential counseling (Lantz & Walsh, 2007) has continued to grow as an application of existential theory. Likewise, existentialism has been integrated with other approaches (Hoffman, Yang, Kaklauskas, & Chan, 2009; Lantz & Walsh, 2007; Schneider, 2008). An existential model has also been applied to the following: the impact of the death penalty (Kirchmeier, 2008); family survivors of homicide (Miller, 2009); homosexual populations (Medina, 2008; Serlin, 2009); creativity (Nelson & Rawlings, 2009); children (Lantz & Walsh, 2007); aggression (Fletcher & Milton, 2009); rape (Lantz & Walsh, 2007); physical disorders (Dolan, 2009); infertility (Gibson, 2007); gifted adults (Perrone, Webb, Wright, Jackson, & Ksiazak, 2006); AIDS (Home, 2009); cancer (Lichtenthal et al., 2009; Simonelli, Fowler, Maxwell, & Anderson, 2008); migration (Lantz & Walsh, 2007); terror management (Beck, 2008); serious mental disorders (Patterson & Staton, 2009); disorder disidentification (Howard, 2008); culture awareness and issues (Heisel & Flett, 2004; Zhao, 2005); end of life/terminal illness (Jacobsen, 2007); physician stress (Nordrehaug & Malterud, 2008); transference and countertransference (Walters, 2009); and individuals in supervision (Lockett, 2009; Yalom, 1980). Although existentialism is not the primary theory adopted by many counselors and therapists, it is having a considerable impact.

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