Heat (Blood)

  • • (WE) refrigerant, styptic, coagulant
  • • (SS) fever, rash, nosebleed, vomiting blood, blood in stool/urine, skin diseases
  • • Representative herb: Rehmannia glutinosa

Radix Rehmanniae consists of the dried roots of Rehmannia glutinosa. published case reports indicate that the herb is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension; however, data from controlled clinical trials are lacking. Information related to the proposed pharmacological actions noted above are taken from traditional medicine pharmacopeia. primary active ingredients include rehmanniosides A, B, C, and D.

Tonify Qi

  • • (WE) endocrine agent, immunostimulant
  • • (ss) lethargy, weakness, poor appetite, weak voice, pale complexion, breathlessness, immunodeficiency
  • • panax ginseng

radix Ginseng is the dried root of Panax ginseng. Medical uses supported by clinical data include as a prophylactic and restorative agent for the enhancement of mental and physical capacities, in cases of weakness, exhaustion, tiredness and loss of concentration, and during convalescence. The mechanism of action is most likely through the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and through its immune-stimulant effect. Active ingredients include ginsenosides A1, Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1, Rg2.

Tonify Blood

  • • (WE) anti-anemic
  • • (SS) pallor, dizziness, vertigo, poor vision, lethargy, palpitations, amenorrhea, insomnia, pale tongue, fine pulse
  • • Angelica sinensis

Radix Angelicae Sinensis consists of the dried roots of Angelica sinensis. There are no known medicinal uses supported by clinical data, although multiple animal pharmacology studies have been conducted. Active ingredients include angelicide, (Z)-butylidenephtalide, p-cadinene, carvac- rol, (E)-ferulic acid, (Z)-ligusticum lactone, (Z)-ligustilide, umbelliferone, valerophenone-o-carboxylic acid, and vanillic acid.

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