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Conclusions

CDCL is a term used to encompass various methods and approaches to link TCM with TCM classifications or categories, diseases, and the molecular basis of both diseases and Western therapeutic interventions.

The development of various systems-pharmacology tools and databases has made this concept a reality within the past 10 years, with more publications describing the systems approaches currently in use. these connections are important particularly from the standpoint of integrative medicine practice, but also from the standpoint of research and development, so as to create a clearer understanding of the synergistic and/or antagonistic interactions of components of formulations and of potential combined use with Western therapeutic treatments.

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