Ethics and the Practice of Forensic Science

PrefaceWhat Is Ethics?Ethical TheoriesThe Study of EthicsUtilitarianism: The Greater GoodDeontological Ethics: Obligation and IntentionComparing Approaches for Forensic ScienceEthical Decision-MakingFramework for Ethical DecisionsResult of DecisionsConclusionReferencesAn Ethical Approach to Forensic ProfessionalismEducationCompetenceProfessions and ProfessionalismAwarenessNational Academy of Sciences ReportPresident's Council of Advisors on Science and TechnologyConclusionReferencesEthics in Forensic ScienceCrime SceneLaboratoryRole of the Scientific Expert WitnessQualificationParametersMisconductConclusionReferencesThe Ethics of the Criminal Justice CultureRecruitmentCultureEthics of Criminal JusticeEthics TrainingUnethical BehaviorSources of Pressure for the Forensic ScientistConclusionReferencesChanging the "Game" of Policing. Ethics and Efficacy in Police Reform and Forensic InvestigationsThe Policing Field and the Disposition It CreatesConsequences of the Policing GameRetaliatory Violence against Police“Doing Right" in PolicingIdentifying the Summum Bonum of Policing: Strong Neighborhoods“Doing Right" by Neighborhood Type: A Situational Ethics toward the Greatest GoodForensic Investigations and Building Strong NeighborhoodsConclusionAuthor BiographiesReferencesEthics in the Courtroom The Scientist's 16 PerspectiveRole of AttorneysAttorney-Expert RelationshipAdmissibility of Scientific EvidenceThe Frye CaseThe Daubert CaseMisconductExamples of MisconductConclusionReferencesEthics in Science and ResearchScience, Technology, and SocietyResearch and PublicationEthics in Science and ResearchUncertaintyMeasurement UncertaintyGoodness of MeasurementsMisconductConclusionAuthor BiographyReferencesUnethical BehaviorUnethical BehaviorMotivationJustificationConsequencesWhistle-BlowingConclusionReferencesGood Examples of Bad BehaviorO. J. Simpson CaseAnnie DookhanSt. Paul Crime LaboratoryCase Studies Competency IssuesAustin Police Department Crime LaboratoryPersonal GainOregon State Police Crime LaboratoryAbuse of PowerMassachusetts State Crime Laboratory (Amherst)Florida Department of Law EnforcementWrongful Convictions Validity of Bite Mark EvidenceOverstatement of Hair EvidenceFabricationNew Jersey State Police Office of Forensic ScienceAdvocacyColorado Department of Public Health and Environment LaboratoryNotorious Examples of Misconduct That Every Forensic Scientist Should KnowHouston Police Department Crime LaboratoryConclusionReferencesCodes of Ethics The National Commission on Forensic Science and the Organization of Scientific Area CommitteesDeveloping Codes of EthicsPurposeFamiliarity with Codes of EthicsSurvey of Forensic Science Ethics DocumentsThe American Academy of Forensic SciencesThe American Board of CriminalisticsRules of Professional ConductAmerican Society of Crime Laboratory DirectorsThe International Association for IdentificationCodes of Ethics and Standards of Professional ConductProfessionalismCompetency and ProficiencyClear CommunicationOrganizational ResponsibilityConclusionReferencesBibliography
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