Accountability sample complaints. (2017), The Open File: Prosecutorial Misconduct and Accountability. (accessed January 2017).

Agres, T. (2005), When the line between science and business blurs, The Scientist, February 28.

Allocca, S. (2016), Disgraced lab analyst was high almost daily for 8 years, Forensic Magazine, May 6.

American Jail Association. (1991), Code of ethics for jail officers. https://members. (revised May 19, 1993).

Armstrong, K. (2007), Forensic scientist defends work for state patrol, Seattle Times, April 30.

Associated Press. (2006), Most unethical federal scientists go unpunished, September 12.

Associated Press. (2007), Expert’s ruse raises legal questions, USA Today, March 9.

Associated Press. (2008), LAPD: False arrests over fingerprint errors, October 17.

Attorney General of Massachusetts. (2014a), Colorado lab report shows potential issues with testimony on blood-tests, Forensic Magazine, January 7.

Attorney General of Massachusetts. (2014b), Massachusetts crime lab chemist pleads guilty, Forensic Magazine, January 7.

Augenstein, S. (2016a), DNA exonerates man convicted on bite-mark evidence, 33 years later, Forensic Magazine, April 11.

Augenstein, S. (2016b), Lab tech suspended after allegedly “dry labbing” drug evidence, Forensic Magazine, March 3.

Augenstein, S. (2016c), Wrongly convicted on bite-marks, man exonerated after 19 years, Forensic Magazine, May 27.

Balko, R. (2015), Attack of the bite mark matchers, The Washington Post (Washington, DC), February 18.

Baran, M. (2012), St. Paul police crime lab under scrutiny in drug case, Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) News, July 16.

Barrett, P. (2002), Standards for the practice of criminalistics, J. Forensic Sci. [A Volume in the Protocols in Forensic Science Series], 47(5), 1-2.

Black, H. C. (1990), Black’s Law Dictionary, 6th ed., St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.

Black Lives Matter website

Blue Lives Matter website

Bone, J. (2007), CSI: Underpants sees scientist dismissed over test that trapped cheating husband, Times Online, August 22.

Boss, O. (2015), Annie Dookhan “ripple effect” continues, Boston Herald, May 15.

Bovee, W. (1991), The end can justify the means—But rarely, J. Mass Media Ethics, 6(3), 135-145.

Braswell, M., McCarthy, B. R., and McCarthy, B. J. (2005), Justice, Crime and Ethics, 5th ed., Cincinnati, OH: LexisNexis.

Braswell, M., McCarthy, B. R., and McCarthy, B. J. (2008), Justice, Crime and Ethics, 6th ed., Newark, NJ: LexisNexis.

Braswell, M., McCarthy, B. R., and McCarthy, B. J. (2015), Justice, Crime and Ethics, 8th ed., New York: Routledge.

Bronowski, J. (1956), Science and Human Values, Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith Publishers.

Bunch, J. (2013), Defense lawyers want independent probe of Colorado toxicology lab, The Denver Post, June 10 (Updated April 29, 2016).

Ciulla, J. (2004), Ethics, the Heart of Leadership, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. (2008), Crime Lab Error Leads to New Murder Trial, September


Cognitive bias. WebFinance, Inc. http://www. (accessed January 31, 2017).

Cohen, H. and Feldberg, M. (1991), Power and Restraint: The Moral Dimension of Police Work, New York: Praeger Press.

Confirmation bias. WebFinance, Inc. http://www. (accessed January 31, 2017).

Couzin, J. (2006a), Fake data, but could the idea still be right? Science, 313, 154.

Couzin, J. (2006b), Truth and consequences, Science, 313, 1222-1226.

Couzin, J. and Unger, K. (2006), Cleaning up the paper trail, Science, 312, 38-43.

Curran, W. J. (1980), Ethical standards, in Modern Legal Medicine, Psychiatry and Forensic Science, eds. W. J. Curran, A. L. McGarry, and C. S. Petty, Philadelphia, PA: F.A Davis Co., pp. 29-48.

Dahlberg, J. and Mahler, C. (2006), The Poehlman case: Running away from the truth, Science and Engineering Ethics, 12(1), 157-173.

Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 727 F. Supp. 570, 574 (S.D. Cal, 1989).

Davis, K. (2016), Baltimore police commissioner: Changes are underway, USA Today, August 17. baltimore-police-commissioner-kevin-davis-editorials-debates/88911038/ (accessed February 1, 2017).

Edel, A. (1955), Ethical Judgment: The Use of Science in Ethics, New York: Free Press.

Encarta World English Dictionary. Democracy. dictionary/democracy

Ethics and Compliance Initiative. National business ethics survey 2013. https:// (accessed January 2017).

FBI testimony on microscopic hair analysis contained errors in at least 90 percent of cases in ongoing review. April 20, 2015.

Fernandez, M. and Perez-Pena, R. (2016), Five Dallas officers were killed as payback, police chief says, The New York Times, July 8. https://www.nytimes. com/2016/07/09/us/dallas-police-shooting.html?_r=0

Garrison, D. (1992), Bad science, Midwestern Association of Forensic Sciences Newsletter, July.

Hardwig, J. (1991), The role of trust in knowledge, J. Philos., 88, 693-708.

Harvard Business School Press and J. L. Badaracco. (2003), Harvard Business Review on Corporate Ethics, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation.

Huicochea, A. (2008), Drugs gone from crime lab; supervisor resigns, Arizona Daily Star, April 26.

Jacobs, S. (2013), Annie Dookhan pursued renown along a path of lies, Boston Globe, February 3.

Johnson, T. (2008), State crime lab chief resigns after problems raised on DUI evidence, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, February 14.

Josephson Institute for the Advancement of Ethics. (1988), Ethics: Easier said than done, 1(1), 153.

Kates, J. and Guttenplan, H. (1983), Ethical considerations in forensic science services, J. Forensic Sci., 28(4), 972-976.

Kovac, J. (2004), The Ethical Chemist: Professionalism and Ethics in Science, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Leufkens, H. (1994), Premature or inappropriate publication of research findings, Am. J. Pharm. Educ., 58, 95-97.

Lilly, S. (2007), Blood on the courthouse floor; six U.S. attorneys fired. Why? Center for American Progress, January 19. issues/2007/01/court.html

Martyn, S. (2003), In defense of client-lawyer confidentiality, Univ. Nebraska Law Rev., 81, 1320-1350.

Mayo, D. and Hollander, R. (1991), Acceptable Evidence, New York: Oxford University Press.

McDonnell Social Norms Group. (2006), Battling bad behavior, Scientist, February, pp. 53-57.

McGee, G. (2006), Lies, damn lies...and scientific misconduct, The Scientist, February, p. 24.

Moon, C. and Bonny, C. (2001), Business Ethics, London: Economist Newspaper Ltd.

Moran, G. (2006), Criminalist who testified on DUIs falsified resumes, San Diego Union-Tribune, March 22. trib/20060322/news_7m22duiguy.html

Moran, D. and Gross, S. (2008), Put Scientists, Not Cops, in Crime Labs, November 8. cops-in.html

Moxley, S. (2008), CSI games: If DNA evidence doesn’t fit in orange county, alter it? OC Weekly, March 13.

National Forensic Science Technology Center. (2013), Crime Scene Investigation: A Guide for Law Enforcement, Largo, FL: National Forensic Science Technology Center.

National Law Enforcement Memorial Fund. Office deaths by year (1791-2015). http:// (accessed February 1, 2017).

National Research Council. (2009), Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. http://

Nordby, J. (2002), Review of: Ethics in forensic science: Professional standards for the practice of criminalistics [A Volume in the Protocols in Forensic Science Series], J. Forensic Sci., 47(5), 1-2.

North, S. (2001), Patrol chemist faces misdemeanor counts, Washington Herald, January 26.

OSP forensic analyst scandal widens. (2015), KTVZ News Channel 21, September 20 (Updated September 1, 2016). analyst-scandal-widens/68903928

Oxford University Press. (2000), Egoism. Oxford English Dictionary Online, Oxford University Press, p. 29, April 4.

Plohetski, T. (2016), Austin police DNA lab closes Amid Forensics Commission’s concerns, My Statesman, June 10.

Plohetski, T. and Jankowski, P. (2017), Bad grades, lapses in hiring process doomed Austin’s crime lab leader, My Statesman, January 9.

Pollock, J. (2004), Ethics in Crime and Justice: Dilemmas and Decisions, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Ricke, C. and Hernandez, S. (2016), New plan to fix Austin’s DNA lab after closure due to widespread issues, Forensic Magazine, November 16.

Robertson, C. and Mire, S. (2010), Ethics for Criminal Justice Professionals, Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group.

Rogers, T. (2004), Crime scene ethics: Souvenirs, teaching material, and artifacts, J. Forensic Sci., 49(2), 307-311.

Romano, M. (2016), Forensic Felons: Criminals in the Oregon crime labs, September 14.

Rossner, M. (2006), How to guard against image fraud, The Scientist, March.

Sagan, C. (1992), The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark, New York: Ballantine Books.

Sahakain, W. S. and Sahakain, M. L. (1966), Ideas of Great Philosophers, New York: Barnes & Noble.

Saks, M. (1989), Prevalence and impact of ethical problems in forensic science, J. Forensic Sci., 34(3), 772-793.

Schroeder, O. (1984), Ethical and moral dilemmas confronting forensic scientists, J. Forensic Sci., 29(4), 966-986.

Setrakian, L. and Francescani, C. (2007), Former Duke Prosecutor Nifong disbarred, ABC News Law and Justice Unit, June 16. TheLaw/story?id=3285862

Shellenbarger, S. (2005), How and why we lie at the office: From pilfered pens to padded accounts, Wall Street Journal, March 25.

Shermer, M. (2006), Fake, mistake, replicate, Scientific American, September.

Smrz, M. (2002), Ethics in forensic science: Professional standards for the practice of criminalistics—Book review, Forensic Science Communications, 4(3). https:// july2002/smrz.htm

Souryal, S. (1998), Ethics in Criminal Justice: In the Search of Truth, 2nd ed., Cincinnati, OH: Anderson Publishing.

Souryal, S. (2010), Ethics in Criminal Justice: In Search of the Truth, 5th ed., Burlington, MA: Anderson Publishing Co., Elsevier.

State crime lab chemist pleads guilty, sentenced in connection with stealing drugs from lab, tampering with evidence. (2014),, the Official Website of the Attorney General of Massachusetts, January 6. news-and-updates/press-releases/2014/2014-01-06-farak-sentenced.html

Thomas, M. (1999), Ethics in Forensic Science and Medicine: Guidelines for the Forensic Expert and the Attorney, Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher.

The United States Department of Justice. National Commission on Forensic Science.

United States Department of Justice. (2014a), Investigation of the Cleveland Division of Police, Washington, DC. press-releases/attachments/2014/12/04/cleveland_division_of_police_ findings_letter.pdf

United States Department of Justice. (2014b), Investigation of the Ferguson Police Department, Washington, DC. press-releases/attachments/2015/03/04/ferguson_police_department_report. pdf

United States Department of Justice. (2016), Investigation of the Baltimore City Police Department, Washington, DC. default/files/20160810_DOJ%20BPD%20Report-FINAL.pdf

Valencia, M. and Ellement, J. (2013), Annie Dookhan pleads guilty in drug lab scandal, Boston Globe, November 22.

Visser, S. (2016), Baton Rough shooting; 3 officers dead, CNN, July 18. http://www. (accessed February 2, 2017).

Weinstock, R. (1986), Ethical concerns expressed by forensic psychiatrists, J. Forensic Sci., 31(2), 596-602.

Weinstock, R. (1988), Controversial ethical issues in forensic psychiatry: A survey, J. Forensic Sci., 33(1), 176-186.

Weisburd, D., Wooditch, A., Weisburd, S., and Yang, S. M. (2016), Do stop, question, and frisk practices deter crime? Criminol. Public Policy, 15(1), 31-56.

Welner, M. (2002a), Hired gun, Forensic Echo, 2(1) (March 11).

Welner, M. (2002b), The dog ate my integrity, Forensic Echo, 3(2) (March 11).

Wilbanks, W. (1987), The Myth of a Racist Criminal Justice System, Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing.

Wilson, D. (2006), Crime lab investigation, Guardian, September 14.

Worth, K. (2015), Crime lab scandals the focus of new DOJ plan, Frontline, PBS, December 8.

Xiong, C. (2012), Defense attorneys decry retested evidence from St. Paul crime lab, Star Tribune, December 5.

Zajac, A. (2007), Pointing the way for prosecutors: Under fire, not in retreat Gonzales’ plan for attorney reviews would further politicize process, Chicago Tribune, June 17. chi-gonzales_thinkjun17

< Prev   CONTENTS   Source