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Home arrow Sociology arrow For the Greater Good of All: Perspectives on Individualism, Society, and Leadership

For the Greater Good of All: Perspectives on Individualism, Society, and Leadership


Perspectives on Individualism, Collectivism, and the Greater GoodA Multidisciplinary Perspective on Individualism and CollectivismLeadership and the Collective GoodReferencesONE What Do Capuchin Monkeys Tell Us about Cooperation?The Evolution of CooperationThe Mechanisms of CooperationProsocial Behavior in Noncooperative ContextsCooperation Lessons from CapuchinsCooperation Requires CoordinationCooperation Depends on the Partner’s BehaviorInequity Is Detrimental to CooperationBe Nice When You Can, But Never If It Costs You Too MuchConclusionsNotesReferencesTWO Empathy-Induced Altruism: Friend or Foe of the Common Good?Acting for the Common Good in Social DilemmasExplaining the Apparent Violation of the Value Assumption: Expanding Self-InterestEnlightened Self-InterestGroup IdentityA Third Component of Social Dilemmas:An Initial TestA More Stringent TestEmpathy-Induced Altruism as a Foe of the Common GoodWhy No Sanctions against Altruism?ConclusionNoteReferencesTHREE Cultural Neuroscience and the Collective GoodCultural Neuroscience Cultural Neuroscience: An OverviewCulture-Gene Coevolution of Individualism-Collectivism and the Serotonin Transporter GeneNeural Basis of Individualism and CollectivismNeural Basis of Empathy and AltruismEmotion RecognitionEmpathyNeural Basis of FairnessHow Can Cultural Neuroscience Contribute to the Collective Good?Interethnic IdeologyPhilanthropy and International AidReferencesFOUR A Brief History of Individualism in American ThoughtThe Origins of Individualism in AmericaIntroducing and Critiquing the Concept of IndividualismThe Progressive ChallengeThe New IndividualistsConclusionReferencesFIVE Individualism, Collectivism, Leadership, and the Greater GoodCollectivism versus IndividualismMetaphysicsEpistemologyEthicsPoliticsMixed Philosophies and Mixed EconomiesIndividualism and Collectivism in the World of BusinessRights versus ServiceNotesReferencesSIX Big Man, Big Heart? The Political Role of Aggrandizers in Egalitarian and Transegalitarian SocietiesCommunitarian OutlooksBig Man, Big Heart? Complex Hunter/GatherersTechnology and ResourcesIndividual Motivations and Their StrategiesAggrandizers Develop Many StrategiesReferencesSEVEN Resisting Machiavelli: Reducing Collective Harm in ConflictGeneral ArgumentResisting Machiavelli Core BeliefsThe Civil WarsProblem One: Captive MonarchsProblem Two: Peasant Resistance and MutineersResisting Machiavelli Problem Three: NoncombatantsDiscussionNotesReferencesEIGHT A Hippocratic Oath for PhilanthropistsApplying the Oath to PhilanthropistsQuestions about the Good and Harm Done by Prominent PhilanthropistsThe Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationTeach for AmericaSeek to Do “Good”Types of Potential HarmConclusion—Ways to Avoid HarmNotesReferencesNINE Working for the Common Good: Individuals and Groups Address the Challenges Facing the WorldWhat Is Social Action?Why Does Social Action Occur?The Role of MotivationVolunteer Motives Predict Volunteer BehaviorBecoming a VolunteerSatisfaction as a VolunteerIntentions to Continue VolunteeringThe Role of Connections to Other People and CommunitiesThe Collective Context of Individual ActionFeatures of Community Conducive to Social ActionFrom Social Science to Social PolicyNoteReferences
 
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