A qualified workforce to carry out specific tasks and programs is based on the competencies shown above and the determination of the additional special competencies needed by individuals to carry out Best Practices for successful local, state, and national programs. The workforce can be improved by increasing the skill levels of existing individuals and/or increasing the necessary skills of individuals who will be graduating from collegiate programs. Employers who may be governmental agencies or business and industry should be involved in developing a curriculum which meets their needs but still prepares them to be well-qualified generalists. Accredited paid internship programs should be used to teach students practical skills.
The existing employees should have their knowledge and skills measured against the recommended competencies needed as shown above and those added to by the specific program areas. Then appropriate in-service training can be developed and utilized to enhance the existing competencies and/or to create new ones.