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Home arrow Health arrow Best practices for environmental health : environmental pollution, protection, quality and sustainability
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HISTORY OF GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY

(See endnote 26)

Introduction

The Greeks understood that human waste and solid waste could spread disease and therefore invented toilets, sewers, and dumps outside of the city. The Greeks outside of Athens developed the first dumps about 500 B.C.

In other ancient cities including Rome, air pollution from burning wood, solid waste, odors and runoff from garbage, sewage, and industries contaminated the air and the water, and of course the poor disposal of human waste contributed substantially to the problems.

In 1357, King Edward III of England passed a law prohibiting pollution of the river Thames. In 1366, in Paris, butchers were forced to dispose of animal waste outside the city. In 1388, in England, laws were passed prohibiting the throwing of filth and garbage into ditches, rivers, and waters.

There were many improvements in the generations and centuries to come in response to numerous outbreaks of disease and specific environmental problems. In modern times, there was a need to be concerned about environmental sustainability in the United States. Since the same need existed globally, the United Nations was used as a vehicle for promoting environmental sustainability. The material that follows is but a brief explanation of global interest and global actions.

 
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