Best Practices for Solid and Hazardous Waste Removal

  • • Prior to the potential occurrence of different types of disasters, establish a plan of what actions to take and what equipment and people need to be provided if an event occurred and a portion of the community was unavailable for normal solid and hazardous waste removal and disposal. Test the plan and make sure that it is operational.
  • • After the disaster event occurs, determine the type and extent of disruption to the normal solid and hazardous waste removal systems and how best to accommodate them utilizing the previously established plan of operation.
  • • Determine the potential public health concerns and work with the appropriate groups to mitigate them.
  • • Provide assistance to homeowners, businesses, and industry on how best to remove the existing material and where to take it for proper and safe disposal.
  • • Re-establish the normal operating waste disposal removal system as soon as possible.
  • • Provide technical assistance while observing all appropriate regulations for the collection, storage, separation, and disposal of mixed wastes including hazardous materials.
  • • Determine if hazardous waste producers or storage and disposal facilities have been affected by the event and if so take necessary steps to correct the situation.
  • • Utilize source reduction techniques for the hazardous waste producers.
  • • Establish a reuse, recycling, and recovery system for all solvents and specialized chemicals.
  • • Determine if the hazardous waste treatment process has been affected by the event and make necessary corrections to prevent air pollution, land pollution, and water pollution.
  • • Determine if facilities dealing with medical/infectious waste are operational and can accept this material from other facilities.
  • • Determine if medical waste transporters are operational and can ensure proper storage, management, and disposal of medical wastes.
  • • Determine if the sewerage system is operational and can receive sterilized liquid medical waste.
  • • Ensure that all biohazardous waste is decontaminated prior to the time that it enters the solid waste stream.
  • • Ensure that special attention is given to the decontamination of all laboratory wastes, blood, other special body fluids, sharps, and research animal waste including the carcasses to prevent outbreaks of disease.
  • • Provide information to the community about the handling, use, storage, disposal, and nature of the various household substances which can be considered to be hazardous waste. Discuss the interruption of service for these hazardous substances and when and where the facilities will be available and open to receive household hazardous materials.
  • • Do not allow the dumping of hazardous materials into the public wastewater system.
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