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Best Practices for Radiological Terrorism

  • • Provide special training to emergency medical services staff and other medical staff in the recognition of symptoms of radiological contamination, methods of decontamination, and methods of treatment.
  • • Provide appropriate notification to the public as quickly as possible about any radiological emergency and how to respond to it based on the distance to the potential problem.
  • • Provide information on the safety of food, water, shelter, indoor and outdoor air, etc.
  • • Perform environmental monitoring and personal monitoring within the exposed area and determine radiation exposure based on time of exposure, distance from the source, shielding from the source, and the results of environmental and personal testing.
  • • Stay within the existing facility if so ordered by governmental agencies and close all openings to the outside.
  • • Remove your outer layer of clothing which may have been contaminated with radioactive material and place in a plastic bag out of the way.
  • • Decontaminate your body by washing all areas of the exposed skin with soap and lukewarm water to remove contamination. Do not scrub or shave which may cause additional injury.
  • • Seek medical attention as quickly as possible if exposed. (See endnote 84.)
 
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