Governmental Federal Level
US Department of Agriculture
The USDA has several food programs including: the FSIS which is responsible for meat, poultry, and egg products; the USDA Food Emergency Rapid Response and Evaluation Team which responds to food emergencies; and the USDA Food and Nutrition Service which reduces food insecurity by helping feed the needy and implementing the Farm Bill.
US Department of Health and Human Services
The Department of Health and Human Services has several food programs under the FDA and is responsible for the safety of all foods including shell eggs moved in interstate commerce, except for meat, poultry, and egg products regulated by the FSIS. The FDA is responsible for identification of the source of a product and the extent of its distribution in an outbreak of foodborne disease. It also coordinates voluntary recalls of food and a variety of field investigations and laboratory support functions. The CDC works closely with state and local public health epidemiologists, laboratories, environmental health personnel, and medical and nursing personnel to identify illnesses and clusters of illness related to food, and rapidly promotes controls and adds significantly to future prevention of the disease. The Health and Human Services Department is also involved in emergencies and in the case of overwhelming foodborne disease outbreaks.