LAWS, RULES, AND REGULATIONS
Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act
The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act revised the OSHA standard regulating occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens. This includes HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus. It helps to reduce healthcare workers’ exposure to blood-borne pathogens by increasing requirements on employers, especially in hospitals, regarding sharps procedures and potential blood-borne pathogen contamination of the worker.
Clean Water Act
The function of the Clean Water Act is to restore and maintain the physical, biological, and chemical integrity of the surface waters of the United States, whether the institution discharges directly to the waterways or to publicly owned treatment works. The EPA has established specific standards for healthcare facilities for their effluents, stormwater, and oil pollution prevention requirements. There are different permits required for direct wastewater discharge to surface waters or indirect wastewater discharge to treatment plants.