US Department of Agriculture EXTOXNET
This is a pesticide information project of the Cooperative Extension offices of Cornell University, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, University of California at Davis, Institute for Environmental Toxicology, and Michigan State University. It is funded by the US Department of Agriculture Extension Service, National Agricultural Pesticide Impact Assessment Program. It provides detailed information for a series of pesticides of public health significance. The information includes: a discussion of the use of the product and toxicological effects including acute toxicity, chronic toxicity, reproductive effects, teratogenic effects, mutagenic effects, carcinogenic effects, organ toxicity, and how it reacts in humans and animals. It also includes information on ecological effects on birds, aquatic species, and other animals that are non-targeted by the chemical. The environmental fate of the chemical in soil, groundwater, surface water, and vegetation is discussed. Physical properties are shown and exposure guidelines are stated. The basic manufacturer of the chemical is listed as well as the phone number for emergency situations. (See endnote 21.)
Pesticide Data Program
(See endnote 27)
This is a national database program of pesticide residues in foods. The US Department of Agriculture gathers data from state agricultural departments and other federal agencies, analyzes it, and determines the pesticide residues in agricultural commodities in the US food supply, especially those consumed in large quantities by infants and children. Drinking water sampling also is essential. Fresh and processed fruit and vegetables constitute 86% of the total samples collected. Special well-equipped laboratories are used to make the determinations, and the data are supplied to the US EPA. A company cannot sell or distribute any pesticides in the United States until the EPA has made a thorough study of the potential for unreasonable risk to human health or the environment. The company then may either receive a license or a restricted license, or be denied use.