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Home arrow Health arrow Best practices for environmental health : environmental pollution, protection, quality and sustainability
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Hand Washing and Toilet Facilities

(See Chapter 8, “Healthcare Environment and Infection Control”)

Hazardous Materials Use, Waste Storage, and Disposal

(See endnote 27, section 6)

The hazardous wastes may be liquid, solid, semi-solid, or contained gases. Typically, they are stored aboard ship until they can be offloaded at a port for recycling, treatment, storage, or disposal. The waste may come from photo processing, dry cleaning, equipment cleaning, paints and thinners, aerosol liquid waste from crushing aerosol containers, incinerator ash, florescent and mercury vapor light bulbs, batteries of all types, pharmaceuticals, other chemicals, etc.

Best Practices for Hazardous Materials Use, Waste Storage, and Disposal

  • • Create an industry-wide cruise ship hazardous materials use, waste segregation, minimization, storage, and disposal program based on federal and state laws including the use of Best Practices and the maintenance of complete records.
  • • Prepare and implement spill prevention procedures for oil and other substances in ports and at sea in the event of collisions, grounding, fire, explosion, etc.
  • • Conduct proper techniques of transfer of fuel from shore to ship or from ship to ship when fuel is needed. Follow all existing regulations.
  • • Adequately secure all hazardous materials in a well-ventilated area accessible only to special personnel.
  • • Avoid using anti-fouling paint containing tributyltin on the hull of the ship since it may persist in the sea water environment including the sediment as a contaminant.
  • • Create an education and enforcement program for the cruise industry regarding hazardous wastes generation, separation from other solid wastes, storage, treatment, and disposal.
  • • Determine the effects on air quality for passengers and crew as well as for the environment from incineration of hazardous waste aboard cruise ships.
  • • Review, understand, and adhere to the state requirements for disposal of all types of hazardous wastes where ports will be used.
  • • Prohibit the discharge of hazardous materials into US waters to the 200-mile limit.
  • • Prohibit incinerating hazardous waste aboard ship while in port.
  • • Establish a mandatory incinerator ash-testing program including keeping appropriate logs.
  • • Understand that the cruise industry, whether carrying the flag of the United States or another nation, is subject to all hazardous waste generator requirements and frequent inspections by official agencies including the United States Coast Guard, who will make unannounced visits and examine all logs as well as observe actual processes of minimization, segregation of materials, storage, and disposal.
  • • Prohibit ships violating hazardous waste requirements as well as sister ships under the same ownership from using the ports of the United States.
  • (See Chapter 12, “Solid Waste, Hazardous Materials, and Hazardous Waste Management”)
 
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