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Best Practices for Solid Waste Storage and Disposal

  • • Increase the use of onboard compactors, pulping equipment, shredders, and incinerators to reduce the volume of solid waste aboard ship.
  • • Use techniques of source reduction to minimize the amount of potential solid waste brought aboard ship.
  • • Recycle all plastics, paper, metal cans and objects, and wood by first separating them from the solid waste stream and then compressing and packaging them for appropriate disposal on shore.
  • • Separate all solid waste from hazardous waste.
  • • Pulp or compress all food waste and remove food liquids during dehydration. Send food liquids to graywater holding tanks. Then incinerate the food waste aboard ship regularly. When arriving in port, offload any remaining solid waste and ash for proper disposal.
  • • Provide adequate port reception facilities for all solid waste and recyclable materials.
  • • Require that incinerator ash from the onboard incinerators be tested.
  • • Prohibit discharge of any solid waste or food into a marine sanctuary or other sensitive area.
  • • Expand training of crew members in waste reduction and proper waste disposal.
  • • Require that at all ports of call for cruise ships there are reception facilities for offloading solid waste.
  • • Prohibit the use of incinerators while in port.
  • • Request that the EPA and Coast Guard develop plans where polluters will pay for the damage that they cause.
  • • Require that ports provide receipts for all garbage and other solid wastes being offloaded at their facilities.
  • • Require that cruise ships maintain certified logbooks documenting various solid waste storage and disposal actions. Require that there be uniform rules consistent with international law on all ships from all nations entering US waters and going into US ports. Refuse port privileges to any ship not obeying these orders.
  • (See Chapter 12, “Solid Waste, Hazardous Materials, and Hazardous Waste Management”)
 
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