Public Health Service Act of 1944 with Amendments and Executive Orders Updated to January 4, 2012

The Public Health Service Act established the quarantine authority for the federal government for the first time and gave it to the US Public Health Service to enforce. The Public Health Service is responsible for preventing the introduction, transmission, and spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the United States.

Cruise Vessel Security and Safety Act of 2010

This act was passed by Congress to reduce the number of crimes committed on ocean-going cruise ships that either embark or disembark passengers in the United States. The Coast Guard enforces the various requirements of this act. Some of the items include rail height to prevent passengers from going overboard; peepholes or other visual identification in state rooms; for ships where construction started after July 27, 2010, security latches and sensitive key technology for all passenger and crew cabins; information on location and how to contact US embassies and consulates; current licensure for physicians or registered nurses; equipment to prevent, treat, and collect evidence for sexual assault cases; forensic sexual assault examination training; a means for individuals to contact law enforcement if needed free of charge; provision of data on the website of criminal activity on the company’s vessels; ability to detect and capture images of passengers who fall overboard; acoustical handling and warning devices as well as video surveillance; and training of special crew members in how to preserve evidence of criminal actions.

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