Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships
This act and the implementing regulations prohibit the discharge of: all garbage within 3 miles of shore; certain types of garbage 3-25 miles offshore; and plastic everywhere. It also applies to bilge water and other discharges. The United States Coast Guard regularly inspects the discharge records and logbooks of vessels.
Clean Water Act
The Clean Water Act prohibits any individual from dumping pollutants from any point source, which would be a cruise ship or any other type of ship, into the waters of the United States, including the territorial seas. A special permit is needed if such a
discharge of a pollutant does occur.
National Marine Sanctuaries Act
This act protects marine resources and ecosystems, such as coral reefs, sunken historical vessels, and unique habitats, from degradation of any type. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration designate specific areas and provide comprehensive conservation management.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
This act defines and provides regulation of solid waste and hazardous waste. It minimizes hazards of waste disposal through recycling, recovery, and reduction, which helps conserve resources.