Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Safety Act of 1990

This act requires the Secretary of the Department of Transportation to establish standards for the states and Native American tribes that will be used when establishing highway routes, and the limitations and requirements for the movement of hazardous materials within their own jurisdictions. If the states or tribes are in dispute concerning the routing of the hazardous materials, it may come under judicial review to resolve the issue. The Secretary has been granted major powers in all areas of hazardous waste transportation to avoid disastrous consequences from improper packaging, and the inappropriate or misrepresenting of information concerning the movement of hazardous waste. Individuals carrying out these types of activities have strict requirements including reporting of incidents.

Clean Water Act

(See endnotes 2, 120)

This act sets the basic structure for the regulation of pollutant discharges into the waters of the United States and for establishing water quality standards for surface waters. It gives the US EPA the authority to establish wastewater standards for industry as well as standards for all contaminants in surface waters. It establishes the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits and program. This permit program sets site-specific effluent discharge limitations; both standard and site-specific compliance monitoring and reporting requirements; and schedules to be used for monitoring, reporting, and compliance with all rules and regulations. There are 11 specific categories of stormwater discharges that are involved with industrial discharges, which require permits. They are: manufacturers of certain pesticides; large manufacturing facilities; mining and oil and gas exploration; hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities; landfills; recycling plants; steam electric generating plants; transportation facilities; sewage treatment plants; construction operations; and other types of industrial facilities exposed to various types of contamination.

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