Federal Hazardous Substances Act
This act requires that all containers of household hazardous products be labeled as such in order for the consumer to know how to safely store, use, and dispose of the product. It also provides information on what to do in the event of an accident. The Consumer Product Safety Commission can make a determination if certain products are very dangerous and if the labeling inadequately reflects the potential concerns. This may lead to the banning of certain products.
Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act
(See endnote 127)
This act protects fish and wildlife resources when federal programs change the natural stream or body of water. This includes the movement of pollutants from industrial, mining, and municipal waste or dredged materials into a body of water or wetlands as well as projects for construction of dams, levees, impoundments, and any other type of water diversion structures.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
This act provides federal control of all pesticide distribution, sale, and use. All pesticides must be registered with the US EPA and they must contain accurate and proper labeling. There are special requirements for agriculture, and commercial and residential use as well as the tolerance levels, worker protection, and determination of certain chemicals which have restricted use or cannot be used. All new pesticides must be registered and the old ones receive a reregistering review every 15 years.
Endangered Species Act
(See endnote 129)
Congress passed this act to protect native plants and animals that they felt would become extinct. They recognized that the United States has a rich natural heritage which provides beauty and ecological, educational, recreational, and scientific value to the country.
Robert T Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act
This act provides the statutory authority for most of the federal disaster programs of FEMA.