Best Practices for Land Development and Building Construction

  • • To reduce the impact of contaminated stormwater flow from these areas, it is necessary to treat, store, and ground infiltration of the runoff before it enters bodies of water.
  • • In order to implement a program of control of construction site runoff, it is necessary to have proper regulatory mechanisms in place, site plan reviews, appropriate inspections and penalties when the regulations are compromised, and information supplied to the public as to what is an appropriate plan to prevent pollution of bodies of water. (See endnote 12.)

Landfills

(See Chapter 12, “Solid Wastes, Hazardous Materials, and Hazardous Waste Management”) Metals

Metals may have a toxic effect on aquatic life and tend to bioaccumulate in plants, fish, and then in people. The metals become attached to the fine particles of sediment. Mercury is a prime example. Metals typically come from chemical and equipment suppliers and improper waste disposal whether liquid or solid.

Best Practices for Metals

  • • Modify metal processing storage and handling to reduce potential for exposure and release of raw materials, products, or byproducts to the environment.
  • • Decrease the amount of suspended solids which have attached metals entering bodies of water.
 
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