Best Practices for Total Suspended Solids
Total suspended solids in bodies of water can be reduced by avoiding washing of soil into normal runoff and preventing erosion. During construction activities and other activities, all clearing, grading, filling, logging, and mining should be conducted in such a manner that the least amount of soil is disturbed. Grassy areas do an excellent job preventing the solids from entering water.
Waste from Pets
Waste from pets are sources of ground and surface water pollution. About 20% of the bacteria found in bodies of water come from dogs.
Best Practices for Waste from Pets
Community and individual participation is of greatest importance. Pet waste should be picked up and either flushed down a toilet or put into solid waste.
Wildlife or Other Natural Sources
Rats or other animals contaminate small bodies of water with their feces and urine. Contamination from birds varies with the species of the birds, bird population density, feeding habits, the amount of dilution created by the size of the water body, and the time of the year. Birds that carry highly infectious microorganisms may reside for long periods of time in limited water areas and when they defecate cause substantial water quality problems leading to disease.
Best Practices for Wildlife or Other Natural Sources of Contamination
Because of the vast variety of animals and birds which can contaminate bodies of water, the Canada goose has been chosen as an example of Best Practices.
- • Provide barriers to landing and habitation by using 4-inch gauge netting above the water surface, a life-sized replica of an alligator head, or electric fencing that will be annoying but not deadly.
- • Utilize a biodegradable food that tastes like sour grapes and is not toxic to humans, dogs, cats, or birds to discourage wild bird feeding.