Abbott, Andrew Delano. 1988. The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Albxk, Erik, Arjen Van Dalen, Nael Jebril, and Claes H. de Vreese. 2014. Political Journalism in Comparative Perspective. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Aldridge, Meryl and Julia evens. 2003. “Rethinking the Concept ofProfessionalism: The Case of Journalism.” The British Journal of Sociology 54(4):547-64.

Alexander, Jeffrey C. 1988. “The Mass News Media in Systemic, Historical, and Comparative Perspective.” Pp. 107-52 in Action and its Environments: Toward a New Synthesis. New York: Columbia University Press.

Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2004. “Cultural Pragmatics: Social Performance Between Ritual and Strategy.” Sociological Theory 22(4):527-73.

Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2006. The Civil Sphere. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2010. The Performance of Politics: Obama’s Victory and the Democratic Struggle for Power. New York: Oxford University Press.

Alexander, Jeffrey C., Bernhard Giesen, and Jason L. Mast. 2006. Social Performance: Symbolic Action, Cultural Pragmatics, and Ritual. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Allen, Henry. 2007. “A Journalist For Whom There Were Not Enough Words.” The Washington Post, April 25. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (http://www.wash- AR2007042402512_pf.html).

Altheide, DavidL. 1987. “Reflections: Ethnographic Content Analysis.” Qualitative Sociology 10(1):65-77.

© The Author(s) 2017

M. Revers, Contemporary Journalism in the US and Germany, Cultural Sociology, DOI 10.1057/978-1-137-51537-7

Anderson, CW. 2011a. “Between Creative and Quantified Audiences: Web Metrics and Changing patterns of Newswork in Local US Newsrooms.” Journalism 12(5):550-66.

Anderson, CW. 2011b. “Deliberative, Agonistic, and Algorithmic Audiences: Journalism’s Vision of Its Public in an Age of Audience Transparency.” International Journal ofCommunication 5:529-47.

Anon. n.d. “Startseite.” Hanns Joachim Friedrichs Preis. Retrieved August 3, 2015 (

Bagdikian, Ben H. 2000. The Media Monopoly. 6th Beacon pbk.ed. Boston, Mass.: Beacon Press.

Barry, Dan, David Barstow, Jonathan D. Glater, Adam Liptak, and Jacques Steinberg. 2003. “CORRECTING THE RECORD: Times Reporter Who Resigned Leaves Long Trail of Deception.” The New York Times, May 11. Retrieved February 14, 2014 ( correcting-the-record-times-reporter-who-resigned-leaves-long-trail-of-- deception.html).

Bayerische Landtagspresse. 2009. “Satzung.” Retrieved August 20, 2015 (http://

BDVZ, Bundesverband Deutscher Zeitungsverleger. 2015a. Die Deutschen Zeitungen in Zahlen Und Daten 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2016 (http://

BDVZ, Bundesverband Deutscher Zeitungsverleger. 2015b. “Wirtschaftliche Lage.” BDVZ. Retrieved January 20, 2016 ( zahlen_daten_2015).

BDZV. 2013. “Zur Wirtschaftlichen Lage Der Zeitungen in Deutschland 2013.” BDVZ. Retrieved January 20, 2016 ( daten/wirtschaftliche-lageartikel/detail/zur_wirtschaftlichen_lage_ der_zeitungen_in_deutschland_2013/).

Beckert, Jens. 2007. “The ‘Longue Duree’ of Inheritance Law : Discourses and Institutional Development in France, Germany, and the United States since 1800.” European Journal of Sociology/Archives Europeennes de Sociologie/ Europaisches Archiv fur Soziologie 48(1):79-120.

Belair-Gagnon, Valerie. 2013. “Revisiting Impartiality: Social Media and Journalism at The BBC.” Symbolic Interaction 36(4):478-92.

Bellah, Robert N. 1991. Beyond Belief: Essays on Religion in a Post-Traditional World. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Benjamin, Elizabeth. 2010. “Protecting Paterson.” Daily Politics, New York Daily News. Retrieved August 19, 2015 ( lypolitics/protecting-paterson-blog-entry-1.1676909).

Benkler, Yochai. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven Conn.: Yale University Press.

Benson, Rodney. 1999. “Field Theory in Comparative Context: A New Paradigm for Media Studies.” Theory and Society 28(3):463-98.

Benson, Rodney. 2004. “Bringing the Sociology of Media Back In.” Political Communication 21(2):275-92.

Benson, Rodney. 2006. “News Media as a ‘Journalistic Field’: What Bourdieu Adds to New Institutionalism, and Vice Versa.” Political Communication 23(2):187-202.

Benson, Rodney. 2013. Shaping Immigration News: A French-American Comparison. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Benson, Rodney. 2014. “Challenging the ‘New Descriptivism’ - Rod Benson’s Talk from QualPolComm Preconference.” Qualitative Political Communication Research. Retrieved September 6, 2014 (http://qualpolicomm.wordpress. com/2014/06/05/challenging-the-new-descriptivism-rod- bensons-talk-from-qualpolcomm-preconference/).

Benson, Rodney, Mark Blach-0rsten, Matthew Powers, Ida Willig, and Sandra Vera Zambrano. 2012. “Media Systems Online and Off: Comparing the Form of News in the United States, Denmark, and France.” Journal ofCommunication 62(1):21-38.

Benson, Rodney and Erik Neveu. 2005a. Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. Cambridge; Malden, MA: Polity.

Benson, Rodney and Erik Neveu. 2005b. “Introduction: Field Theory as a Work in Progress.” Pp. 1-25 in Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field, edited by R. Benson and E. Neveu. Cambridge, Malden, MA: Politiy Press.

Benson, Rodney and Matthew Powers. 2011. Public Media and Political Independence: Lessons for the Future of Journalism from Around the World. Washington, D.C.: Free Press. Retrieved February 19, 2016 (http://www. pendence.pdf).

Berkowitz, Dan and James V. TerKeurst. 1999. “Community as Interpretive Community: Rethinking the Journalist-Source Relationship.” Journal of Communication 49(3):125-36.

Bickerich, Wolfram. 2009. “Nachruf: Erich Bohme: 1930 Bis 2009.” Der Spiegel, December 7, 182.

Biermann, Kai and Patrick Beuth. 2013. “Chaos Communcation Congress: Der Freiheitskampfer Glenn Greenwald.” Zeit Online. Retrieved November 27, 2015 (

Boczkowski, Pablo J. 2004. Digitizing the News: Innovation in Online Newspapers. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Boczkowski, Pablo J. 2010. News at Work: Imitation in an Age of Information Abundance. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1993. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature. New York: Columbia University Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Rules of Art: Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field. Cambridge: polity Press.

Bourdieu, Pierre and Loi'c J. D. Wacquant. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Boyer, Dominic. 2013. The Life Informatic: Newsmaking in the Digital Era. Ithaca ; London: Cornell University Press.

Brady, Henry E., David Collier, and Jason Seawright. 2004. “Refocusing the Discussion of Methodology.” Pp. 3-20 in R.ethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards, edited by H. E. Brady and D. Collier. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Breslin, Jimmy. 1963. “Digging JFK Grave Was His Honor.” New York Herald Tribune, November 26. Retrieved August 4, 2015 (http://www.arlington-

BR-Landespolitik. 2012. “Wir uber Uns.” Politik aus Bayern: Blog der BR.-Landtagskorrespondenten. Retrieved August 8, 2015 ( landespolitik/2012/12/page/2/).

Bundesverfassungsgericht, 1 Senat. 2003. “Bundesverfassungsgericht - Entscheidungen - Zur richterlich angeordnetenAuskunft uber Verbindungsdaten der Telekommunikation im Rahmen der Strafverfolgung: Schutzbereich des Fernmeldegeheimnisses beruhrt - Eingriffe nur bei Straftaten von erheblicher Bedeutung und bei konkretem Tatverdacht gerechtfertigt.” Retrieved February 24, 2016 (


Burawoy, Michael. 1998. “The Extended Case Method.” Sociological Theory 16(1):4-33.

Burger, Hannes. 2007. “Hans Heigert, Ehemaliger Chef Der ‘Suddeutschen Zeitung’, 1st Tot.” Die Welt, November 23. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (

Calderone, Michael. 2009. “Newspaper Circulation Drops; WSJ on Top.” Politico. Retrieved February 18, 2014 ( rone/1009/Newspaper_circulation_drops_WSJ_on_top.html).

Carey, James W. 1986. “The Dark Continent of American Journalism.” Pp. 146-96 in R.eading the news: a pantheon guide to popular culture, edited by R. K. Manoff and M. Schudson. New York: Pantheon books.

Carlson, Matt. 2013. “Gone, But Not Forgotten.” Journalism Studies 15(1):33-47.

Carr, David. 2013a. “Journalism, Even When It’s Tilted.” The New York Times, June 30. Retrieved November 27, 2015 ( business/media/journalism-is-still-at-work-even-when-its-practitioner-has-a- slant.html).

Carr, David. 2013b. “War on Leaks Is Pitting Journalist vs. Journalist.” The New York Times, August 25. Retrieved December 28, 2015 (http://www.


CBCTV. 2011. “presseClubforum Zum Tag Der Pressefreiheit.” CBCTV: IPTV on Demand. Retrieved September 21, 2015 ( beitraege/110504_p CForum4.html).

Chadwick, Andrew. 2013. The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power. Oxford; New York: Oxford University press.

Chalaby, Jean K. 1996. “Journalism as an Anglo-American Invention: A Comparison of the Development of French and Anglo-American Journalism, 1830s-1920s.” European Journal ofCommunication 11:303-26.

Champagne, Patrick and Dominique Marchetti. 2005. “The Contaminated Blood Scandal: Reframing Medical News.” Pp. 113-34 in Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field, edited by R. Benson and E. Neveu. Cambridge, Malden, MA: Politiy Press.

Clayman, Steven E. and John Heritage. 2002. “Questioning Presidents: Journalistic Deference and Adversarialness in the Press Conferences of U.S. Presidents Eisenhower and Reagan.” The Journal of Communication 52(4):749-75.

Clayman, Steven E., John Heritage, Marc N. Elliott, and Laurie L. McDonald. 2007. “When Does the Watchdog Bark? Conditions of Aggressive Questioning in Presidential News Conferences.” American Sociological Review 72(1):23-41.

Clayman, Steven and John Heritage. 2002. The News Interview: Journalists and Public Figures on the Air. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Collier, David, Henry E. Brady, and Jason Seawright. 2004. “Sources of Leverage in Causal Inference: Toward an Alternative View of Methodology.” Pp. 229-66 in Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards, edited by H. E. Brady and D. Collier. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Confessore, Nicholas. 2010. “Cuomo, Frequent Caller, Uses the Phone as a Political Tool.” The New York Times, December 31.

Cook, Timothy E. 1998. Governing With the News: The News Media as a Political Institution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Couldry, Nick. 2003. “Media Meta-Capital: Extending the Range of Bourdieu’s Field Theory.” Theory and Society 32(5-6):653-77.

Craig, Susanne, William K. Rashbaum, and Thomas Kaplan. 2015. “The Many Faces of State Political Scandals.” The New York Times, January 22. Retrieved March 4, 2016 (


Cramer, Ernst. 2009. “Heinz Schewe (1921-2009), WELT-Korrespondent.” Die Welt, April 2. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (

Crouse, Timothy. 1973. The Boys on the Bus. New York: Random House.

Dahlgren, Peter. 1991. “Introduction.” Pp. 1-23 in Communication and Citizenship: Journalism and the Public Sphere, edited by p. Dahlgren and C. Sparks. London; New York: Routledge.

dannyhakim. 2012. “Weeks after protestors called NYp’s Fred Dicker “mouthpiece for Gov 1%” he signs deal to write #Cuomo’s authorized bio.” Twitter post, April 13. Retrieved July 13, 2016 ( status/190774346959159296).

Davis, Aeron. 2009. “Journalist-Source Relations, Mediated Reflexivity and the Politics of Politics.” Journalism Studies 10(2):204-19.

Denzin, Norman K. 1978. The Research Act: A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Der Spiegel. 2006. “Gestorben: Hans Gresmann, 78.” Der Spiegel, October 23, 226.

Deuze, Mark. 2006. “Participation, Remediation, Bricolage: Considering Principal Components of a Digital Culture.” The Information Society 22(2):63-75.

di Lorenzo, Giovanni. 2009. “Lob Des Eigensinns: Herbert Riehl-Heyse.” Die Zeit, November 12. Retrieved January 31, 2014 (http://www.zeit. de/2009/47/Vorbilder-Riehl-Heyse).

Dicker, Fred U. 2012. “Live from the State Capitol.” TALK 1300 - WGDJ-AM. Retrieved (feed://


Digital Media Law Project. 2012. “New York Protections for Sources and Source Material.” Digital Media Law Project. Retrieved ( legal-guide/new-york-protections-sources-and-source-material).

Dingwall, Robert. 2008. Essays on Professions. Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

DJU, Deutsche Journalistinnen und -journalisten-Union. n.d. “Freie Journalisten.” DJV - Deutscher Journalisten-Verband. Retrieved January 29, 2016 (http:// 01%5Cjournal%24%5CRelaunch%5CJournalismus%20konkret%5CFreie.pdf).

DJV, Deutscher Journalisten-Verband. 2016. “Mitglied Werden.” Retrieved January 29, 2016 ( vorteile.html).

Domingo, David. 2008. “Interactivity in the Daily Routines of Online Newsrooms: Dealing with an Uncomfortable Myth.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 13(3):680-704.

Donsbach, Wolfgang. 1999. “Journalismus Und Journalistisches Berufsverstandnis.” Pp. 489-517 in Mediengeschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, edited by J. Wilke. Bonn: Bundeszentrale fur Politische Bildung.

Donsbach, Wolfgang and Bettina Klett. 1993. “Subjective Objectivity. How Journalists in Four Countries Define a Key Term of Their Profession.” International Communication Gazette 51(1):53-83.

Dorroh, Jennifer. 2009. “Statehouse Exodus.” American Journalism Review 2(31). Retrieved (

Douglas, Mary. 2005. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concept of Pollution and Taboo. London; New York: Routledge.

Durkheim, Emile. [1957] 1992. Professional Ethics and Civic Morals. London; New York: Routledge.

Eliasoph, Mm and paul Lichterman. 2003. “Culture in Interaction.” American Journal of Sociology 108(4):735-94.

Englisch, Roland. 1992. “Die Landtagspresse Fordert Ministerprasident Max Streibl Zur ‘Wiedergutmachung’ Auf.” Nurnberger Nachrichten, July 22, 19.

Ericson, Richard Victor, Patricia M. Baranek, and Janet B. L. Chan. 1989. Negotiating Control: A Study ofNews Sources. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Esser, Frank. 1998. “Editorial Structures and Work Principles in British and German Newsrooms.” European Journal of Communication 13(3):375-405.

Esser, Frank. 1999. “‘Tabloidization’ of News: A Comparative Analysis of Anglo- American and German Press Journalism.” European Journal ofCommunication 14(3):291-324.

Esser, Frank. 2008. “Dimensions of Political News Cultures: Sound Bite and Image Bite News in France, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 13(4):401-28.

Esser, Frank and Michael Bruggemann. 2010. “The Strategic Crisis of German Newspapers.” Pp. 39-54 in The Changing Business of Journalism and its Implications for Democracy, edited by D. A. L. Levy and R. K. Nielsen. Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.

Esser, Frank, Carsten Reinemann, and David Fan. 2001. “Spin Doctors in the United States, Great Britain, and Germany: Metacommunication about Media Manipulation.” Harvard International Journal ofPress/Politics 6(1):16-45.

Esser, Frank and Andrea Umbricht. 2013. “Competing Models of Journalism? Political Affairs Coverage in US, British, German, Swiss, French and Italian Newspapers.” Journalism 14(8):989-1007.

Farhi, Paul. 2013. “Washington Post to Be Sold to Jeff Bezos, the Founder of Amazon.” The Washington Post, August 5. Retrieved February 26, 2016 (https:// bezos/2013/08/05/ca537c9e-fe0c-11e2-9711-3708310f6f4d_story.html).

Ferree, Myra Marx, William A. Gamson, Jurgen Gerhards, and Dieter Rucht. 2002a. “Four Models of the Public Sphere in Modern Democracies.” Theory and Society 31:289-324.

Ferree, Myra Marx, William A. Gamson, Jurgen Gerhards, and Dieter Rucht. 2002b. Shaping Abortion Discourse: Democracy and the Public Sphere in Germany and the United States. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fink, Katherine and Michael Schudson. 2014. “The Rise of Contextual Journalism, 1950s-2000s.” Journalism 15(1):3-20.

Fischermann, Thomas. 2013. “Glenn Greenwald: Der Jager Als Gejagter.” Die Zeit, August 29. Retrieved December 21, 2015 (http://www.zeit. de/2013/35/glenn-greenwald-edward-snowden).

Fisher, Caroline. 2015a. “Managing Conflict of Interest.” Journalism Practice 1-14.

Fisher, Caroline. 2015b. “The Disclosure Dilemma: Returning to Journalism after Political Media Advising.” Communication Research and Practice 1(1):58-70.

Fligstein, Neil and Doug McAdam. 2012. A Theory of Fields. New York: Oxford University Press.

Fox, Margalit. 2010. “Edwin Newman, Journalist, Dies at 91.” The New York Times, September 15. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (http://www.nytimes. com/2010/09/16/business/media/16newman.html).

Freidson, Eliot. 2001. Professionalism: The Third Logic. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Friedland, Lewis A., Thomas Hove, and Hernando Rojas. 2006. “The Networked Public Sphere.” Javnost-The Public 13:5-26.

Friedrichs, Hanns Joachim and Harald Wieser. 1994. Journalistenleben. Munchen: Droemer Knaur.

Frye, Northrop. 1973. Anatomy ofCriticism: Four Essays. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

fud31.2012. “Those snooty Times Boys still jealous over that front page NYT profile of me a year ago. Otherwise, why be so nasty?” Twitter post, April 13. Retrieved July 13, 2016 (

Gans, Herbert J. 1979. Deciding What’s News: A Study of CBS Evening News, NBC Nightly News, Newsweek, and Time. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.

George, Alexander L. and Andrew Bennett. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

George Polk Awards. 2008. “Long Island University Announces Winners of2007 George Polk Awards.” Retrieved February 8, 2014 ( About/News/Univ-Ctr-PR/Pre-2008 / February/ GP-Press-Release-Feb-2008).

George Polk Awards. 2009. “Long Island University Announces Winners of the 60th Annual George Polk Awards.” Retrieved February 8, 2014 (http://www. GP-Press-Release-Feb17-2009).

George Polk Awards. 2010. “Long Island University Announces Winners Of2009 George Polk Awards In Journalism.” Retrieved February 8, 2014 (http:// GP-Press-Release-Feb16-2010).

Gieryn, Thomas F. 1983. “Boundary-Work and the Demarcation of Science from Non-Science: Strains and Interests in professional Ideologies of Scientists.” American Sociological Review 48(6):781-95.

Glaser, Barney G. and Anselm L. Strauss. 1967. The Discovery ofGrounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. New Brunswick, NJ; London, UK: Aldine Transaction.

Goffman, Erving. 1956. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Edinburgh,: University of Edinburgh, Social Sciences Research Centre.

Goffman, Erving. 1972. Encounters: Two Studies in the Sociology of Interaction. London: Allen Lane.

Gormley, Mike. 2010a. “AP Interview: NY’s Paterson Lashes Back at Rumors.” The Associated Press, February 9.

Gormley, Mike. 2010b. “NY Gov. Paterson Meets with Lawmakers over Future.” The Associated Press, February 8.

gur. 2010. “Die WELT-Gruppe Nimmt Abschied von Joachim Neander.” Die Welt, June 24. Retrieved January 31, 2014 (

Haberman, Clyde. 2007. “David Halberstam, 73, Reporter and Author, Dies.” The New York Times, April 24. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (http://www.

Habermas, Jurgen. 1989. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry Into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Habermas, Jurgen. 1996. Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory ofLaw and Democracy. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Hachmeister, Lutz. 2002. “Einleitung: Das Problem Des Elite-Journalismus.” Pp. 7-34 in Die Herren Journalisten: die Elite der deutschen Presse nach 1945, Beck’sche Reihe, edited by L. Hachmeister and F. Siering. Munich: Beck.

Hack, Gunter. 2014. “Journalismus: Das Greenwald-Paradoxon.” ZEIT ONLINE. Retrieved November 27, 2015 (


Hakim, Danny and William K. Rashbaum. 2010. “For Paterson Confidant, Fast Rise and Questions.” The New York Times, February 17, A1.

Hallin, Daniel C. 1992. “The Passing of the ‘High Modernism’ of American Journalism.” Journal ofCommunication 42(3):14-25.

Hallin, Daniel C. and Paolo Mancini. 2004. Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hammond, Bill. 2012. “At a Key Education Budget Hearing, State Lawmakers Are Silent on Teacher Evaluations.” New York Daily News, January 24. Retrieved August 13, 2015 (

key-education-budget-hearing-state-lawmakers-silent-teacher-evaluations- article-1.1010648#ixzz2vBmmxKns).

Hammond, William F. Jr. 1995. “Legislative Press Corps Enjoys Rent-Free Space in Capitol.” The Schenectady Gazette, April 9, B1.

Hanitzsch, Thomas et al. 2011. “Mapping Journalism Cultures Across Nations.” Journalism Studies 12(3):273-93.

Hanitzsch, Thomas. 2011. “Populist Disseminators, Detached Watchdogs, Critical Change Agents and Opportunist Facilitators: Professional Milieus, the Journalistic Field and Autonomy in 18 Countries.” International Communication Gazette 73(6):477-94.

Hanns-Joachim-Friedrichs-Preis fur Fernsehjournalismus. 2001. “Pressemitteilung 2001.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 (http://www.hanns-joachim-friedrichs. de/index.php?page=pt&y=2001&phjf=1).

Hanns-Joachim-Friedrichs-Preis fur Fernsehjournalismus. 2013. “Pressemitteilung 2013.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 (http://www.hanns-joachim-friedrichs. de/index.php?page=pt&y=2013&phjf=1).

Hellmueller, Lea, Tim P. Vos, and Mark A. Poepsel. 2013. “Shifting Journalistic Capital? Transparency and Objectivity in the Twenty-First Century.” Journalism Studies 14(3):287-304.

Hendler, Clint. 2010a. “One Night at the AP.” Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved August 19, 2015 ( at_the_ap.php).

Hendler, Clint. 2010b. “The Paterson E-Mails.” Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved August 19, 2015 (

paterson_e-mails .php).

Henri-Nannen Preis. 2005. “Pressemitteilungen: Die Preistrager Des Henri Nannen Preises 2005.” Retrieved February 7, 2014 (http://www.henn-

Henri-Nannen Preis. 2006. “Pressemitteilungen: Henri Nannen Preis 2006 Geht An.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 ( presse_2006.php?id=4).

Henri-Nannen Preis. 2009. “Pressemitteilungen: Die Gewinner Des Henri Nannen Preises 2009 Stehen Fest.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 (http://

Henri-Nannen Preis. 2011. “Pressemitteilungen: Der Henri Nannen Preis 2011 Geht an.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 ( presse_2011.php?id=86).

Henri-Nannen Preis. 2012. “Pressemitteilungen: Die Preistrager Des Henri Nannen Preises 2012.” Retrieved February 7, 2014 (http://www.henri-

Henri-Nannen Preis. 2013. “Pressemitteilungen: Die Preistrager Des Henri Nannen Preises 2013.” Retrieved February 7, 2014 (http://www.henri- .php?id= 101).

Herman, Edward S. and Noam Chomsky. 1994. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. London: Vintage.

Herman, Edward S. and Robert Waterman McChesney. 1997. The Global Media: The New Missionaries of Corporate Capitalism. London; Washington, D.C.: Cassell.

hershey, Robert D. Jr. 2010. “Daniel Schorr, Journalist, Dies at 93.” The New York Times, July 23. Retrieved January 31, 2014 (http://www.nytimes. com/2010/07/24/business/media/24schorr.html).

hess, Stephen. 1981. The Washington Reporters: Newswork. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

hofstede, Geert H. 1980. Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Beverly hills, Calif: Sage Publications.

Humprecht, Edda and Florin Buchel. 2013. “More of the Same or Marketplace of Opinions? A Cross-National Comparison of Diversity in Online News Reporting.” The International Journal of Press/Politics. Retrieved (http://hij.

Illinois Institute of Technology. undated. “Gannett Ethics Policy (Undated).” Codes of Ethics Collection. Retrieved July 5, 2015 ( ecodes/node/3518).

IVW. 2016. “Quartalsauflagen.” Informationsgemeinschaft zur Feststellung der Verbreitung von Werbetrdgern. Retrieved March 18, 2016 (http://daten.ivw. eu/index.php?menuid=1&u=&p=).

Jacobs, Ronald N. 1996. “Producing the News, Producing the Crisis: Narrativity, Television and News Work.” Media Culture Society 18(3):373-97.

Jacobs, Ronald N. 2009. “Culture, the Public Sphere, and Media Sociology: A Search for a Classical Founder in the Work of Robert Park.” The American Sociologist 40(3):149-66.

Jacobs, Ronald N. and Eleanor Townsley. 2011. The Space of Opinion: Media Intellectuals and the Public Sphere. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, Richard. 2010. “Shock for Dave Mansion Cop.” New York Post, January 30, 10.

Kalberg, Stephen. 1987. “The Origin and Expansion of Kulturpessimismus: The Relationship between Public and Private Spheres in Early Twentieth Century Germany.” Sociological Theory 5(2):150-64.

Kane, Anne. 1991. “Cultural Analysis in historical Sociology: The Analytic and Concrete Forms of the Autonomy of Culture.” Sociological Theory 9(1):53-69.

Kaplan, Richard L. 2002. Politics and the American Press: The Rise of Objectivity, 1865-1920. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kaplan, Thomas and Julie Bosman. 2013. “Publisher Is Backing Off a Book About Cuomo in Favor of One Written by him.” The New York Times, April 29. Retrieved April 23, 2015 ( gion/cuomo-and-publisher-are-said-to-be-in-talks-about-memoir.html).

Kappner, Joachim and Christina Warta. 2008. “Abschied von hans Ulrich Kempski: ‘Geschatzt, Geliebt, Verehrt.’” Suddeutsche Zeitung, January 24. Retrieved January 31, 2014 ( abschied-von-hans-ulrich-kempski-geschaetzt-geliebt-verehrt-1.276656).

Karlsson, Michael. 2010. “Rituals of Transparency: Evaluating Online News Outlets’ Uses of Transparency Rituals in the United States, United Kingdom and Sweden.” Journalism Studies 11:535-45.

Keller, Bill. 2013. “Is Glenn Greenwald the Future of News?” The New York Times, October 27. Retrieved December 11, 2015 (http://www.nytimes.


Kelly,KeithJ .2012. “DickerGetsDealtoWnteBioofCuomo.” New YorkPost,April13. Retrieved (

Kepplinger, Hans Mathias. 2002. “Mediatization of Politics: Theory and Data.” Journal of Communication 52(4):972-86.

King, David. 2011. “Cuomo Cultivates His Media Messenger.” Gotham Gazette, March 8. Retrieved July 5, 2015 ( albany/20110308/204/3482).

Klinenberg, Eric. 2005. “Convergence: News Production in a Digital Age.” The ANNALS ofthe American Academy ofPolitical and Social Science 597(1):48-64.

koblin. 2010. “Anyone Hearing about NYT Bombshell on Paterson? Heard Big, Damanging [sic!] Story Comin. Been Working for Weeks, but Still Not Published yet.” Twitter post. Retrieved August 19, 2015 ( koblin/status/8686239448).

Kocher, Renate. 1986. “Bloodhounds or Missionaries: Role Definitions of German and British Journalists.” European Journal of Communication 1(1):43-64.

Koszyk, Kurt. 1999. “Presse Unter Alliierter Besatzung.” Pp. 31-58 in Mediengeschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, edited by J. Wilke. Bonn: Bundeszentrale fur Politische Bildung.

Krause, Monika. 2011. “Reporting and the Transformations of the Journalistic Field: US News Media, 1890-2000.” Media, Culture & Society 33:89-104.

Lambert, Bruce. 1993. “Edward P. Morgan, 82, Anchor And Reporter for TV and Radio.” The New York Times, January 29. Retrieved February 1,2014 (http:// reporter-for-tv-and-radio.html).

Lamont, Michele. 1992. Money, Morals, and Manners: The Culture of the French and American Upper-Middle Class. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Lamont, Michele. 2000. The Dignity of Working Men: Morality and the Boundaries ofRace, Class, and Immigration. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Lamont, Michele and Laurent Thevenot. 2000a. “Introduction: Toward a Renewed Comparative Cultural Sociology.” Pp. 1-22 in Rethinking comparative cultural sociology: repertoires ofevaluation in France and the United States, edited by M. Lamont and L. Thevenot. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lamont, Michele and Laurent Thevenot. 2000b. Rethinking Comparative Cultural Sociology: Repertoires of Evaluation in France and the United States. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lanigan, RichardL. 1983. “Precis of Merleau-Ponty on Metajournalism.” Pp. 39-48 in Semiotics 1981, edited by J. Deely and M. Lenhart. Springer US. Retrieved (

Larson, Magali Sarfatti. 1977. The Rise of Professionalism: A Sociological Analysis. Berkeley: University of California press.

Lasorsa, Dominic L., Seth C. Lewis, and Avery E. Holton. 2012. “Normalizing Twitter: Journalism practice in an emerging Communication Space.” Journalism Studies 13(1):19-36.

Lell, Eva. 2013. “Die Landtagspresse Zwitschert Und Postet.” Politik aus Bayern: Blog der BR-Landtagskorrespondenten. Retrieved August 8, 2015 (http:// -zwitschert-und-postet/).

Leonardi, Paul M. and Stephen R. Barley. 2008. “Materiality and Change: Challenges to Building Better Theory about Technology and Organizing.” Information and Organization 18(3):159-76.

Lewis, Seth C. 2012. “The Tension Between Professional Control and Open Participation: Journalism and Its Boundaries.” Information, Communication & Society 15(6):836-66.

Lewis, Seth C. and Nikki Usher. 2013. “Open Source and Journalism: Toward New Frameworks for Imagining News Innovation.” Media, Culture & Society 35(5):602-19.

Leyendecker, Hans. 2013a. “Einblick Ins Schattenreich.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, November 27, 31.

Leyendecker, Hans. 2013b. “Zum Tod von Jurgen Leinemann: Die Welt Als Portrat.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, November 11. Retrieved February 3, 2014 ( portraet-1.1815435).

Luker, Kristin. 2008. Salsa Dancing into the Social Sciences: Research in an Age of Info-Glut. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Marchetti, Dominique. 2005. “Subfields of Specialized Journalism.” Pp. 64-82 in Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field, edited by R. Benson and E. Neveu. Cambridge, Malden, MA: Politiy Press.

Martin, Douglas. 2009. “Walter Cronkite, 92, Dies: Trusted Voice of TV News.” The New York Times, July 18, A1.

Marwick, Alice E. and danah boyd. 2011. “I Tweet Honestly, I Tweet Passionately: Twitter Users, Context Collapse, and the Imagined Audience.” New Media & Society 13(1):114-33.

Matussek, Matthias. 2006. “Zum Tod von Joachim Fest: Der Stolze Einzelganger.” Spiegel Online, September 12. Retrieved February 4, 2014 (http://www.spie- a-436550.html).

Mazzoleni, Gianpietro and Winfried Schulz. 1999. “‘Mediatization’ of Politics: A Challenge for Democracy?” Political Communication 16(3):247-61.

McDonnell, Terence E. 2010. “Cultural Objects as Objects: Materiality, Urban Space, and the Interpretation ofAIDS Campaigns in Accra, Ghana1.” American Journal of Sociology 115(6):1800-1852.

McFadden, Robert D. 2006. “A. M. Rosenthal, Editor of The Times, Dies at 84.” The New York Times, May 11. Retrieved February 1, 2014 (http://www.

McFadden, Robert D. 2011. “Tom Wicker, Times Journalist, Dies at 85.” The New York Times, November 25. Retrieved February 4, 2014 (http://www. html).

McGeveran, Tom. 2013. “Albany Reporters protest Being Blocked from a Republican hearing.” Capital New York, May 8. Retrieved August 20, 2015 ( albany-reporters-protest-being-blocked-republican-hearing).

Meacham, Andrew. 2011. “pulitzer-Winning Former St. petersburg Times Reporter Bette Orsini Dies at 85.” Tampa Bay Times, March 28. Retrieved January 31, 2014 (

pulitzer-winning-former-st-petersburg-times-reporter-bette-orsini- dies-at/1160199).

Meares, Joel. 2010. “The Biggest Fish in Albany?” Columbia Journalism Review, November 22. Retrieved December 11, 2013 ( paign_desk/the_biggest_fish_in_albany.php).

Medvetz, Thomas. 2012. Think Tanks in America. Chicago: The University of Chicago press.

Merton, Robert K. 1987. “Three Fragments From a Sociologist’s notebooks: establishing the phenomenon, Specified Ignorance, and Strategic Research Materials.” Annual Review of Sociology 13:1-29.

Meyrowitz, Joshua. 1985. No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York: Oxford University press.

Meyrowitz, Joshua. 2009. “Medium Theory: An Alternative to the Dominant paradigm of Media Effects.” pp. 517-30 in The Sage Handbook of Media Processes and Effects, edited by R. L. Nabi and M. B. Oliver. Los Angeles: Sage.

Miles, Matthew B. and A. M. Huberman. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks: Sage publications.

Mills, C. Wright. 2000. The Sociological Imagination. Oxford [England] New York: Oxford University press.

Minkenberg, Michael. 1997. “Civil Religion and German Unification.” German Studies Review 20(1):63-81.

Muller, Frank. 2012a. “Aiwangers Letzter Tweet.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, February 9. Retrieved August 8, 2015 (

twitter-account-von-freie-waehler-chef-geloescht-aiwangers-letzter- tweet-1.1280112).

Muller, Frank. 2012b. “Wenn politiker Zwitschern.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, January 25. Retrieved August 8, 2015 ( twitter-wenn-politiker-zwitschern-1.1266171).

NAA, Newspapers Association of America. 2014. “Business Model Evolving, Circulation Revenue Rising.” Retrieved January 20, 2016 (http://www.naa.



NAA, newspapers Association of America. 2015. “Newspaper Circulation Volume.” Retrieved January 20, 2016 ( Numbers/Circulation-Volume/Newspaper-Circulation-Volume.aspx).

NBC. 2013. Meet the Press: Snowden, National Security and Immigration Reform. Retrieved December 28, 2015 (


Newman, Nic, David A. L. Levy, and Rasmus Kleis Nielsen. 2015. Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2015: Tracking the Future of News. Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Retrieved February 24, 2016 (http://

nickconfessore. 2012. “I think they should also publish Cuomo’s countermemoir: ‘Sunday Nights With Fred: A Kind Of Love Story.’” Twitter post, April 13. Retrieved July 13, 2016 ( status/190810596629938176).

Nonnenmacher, Gunther. 2007. “Friedrich Karl Fromme: Eine Journalistische Instanz.” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, January 16. Retrieved January 30, 2014 (

Odato, James M. 2007. “State Flies Bruno to Fundraisers.” Albany Times Union, July 1, A1.

OECD. 2010. The Evolution of News and the Internet. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Retrieved February 5, 2014 (

Orlikowski, Wanda J. 2000. “Using Technology and Constituting Structures: A Practice Lens for Studying Technology in Organizations.” Organization Science 11(4):404-28.

Papacharissi, Zizi and Maria de Fatima Oliveira. 2012. “Affective News and Networked Publics: The Rhythms of News Storytelling on #Egypt.” Journal of Communication 62(2):266-82.

Paterson, Chris and Anna Zoellner. 2010. “The Efficacy of Professional Experience in the Ethnographic Investigation of Production.” Journal of Media Practice 11(2):97-109.

Patterson, Thomas E. and Wolfgang Donsbach. 1996. “News Decisions: Journalists as Partisan Actors.” Political Communication 13(4):455-68.

Peabody Awards. 1998. “Personal Award: Christiane Amanpour for International Reporting.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 ( winners/award/?pbaward=143&pb_search=1&pb_title=1&pb_year=&pb_ porg=&pb_query=Personal%20Award).

Peters, Jeremy W. 2011. “Governors Come and Go, but This Reporter Keeps Slugging Away.” The New York Times, April 22. Retrieved (http://www. slugging-away.html).

Pfetsch, Barbara. 2001. “Political Communication Culture in the United States and Germany.” Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics 6(1):46-67.

Pragal, Peter. 2009. “Nachruf Erich Bohme: Journalist Aus Leidenschaft.” Frankfurter Rundschau, November 28. Retrieved February 4, 2014 (http:// .de/kultur/nachruf-erich-boehme-j ournalist-aus- - leidenschaft,1472786,3171294.html).

Precious, Tom. 2010. “Paterson Stays on Job amid Scandal Rumor.” The Buffalo News, February 9, A1.

Precious, Tom. 2015. “In 12 Years of Political Scandals in Albany, the Last Two Weeks Stand out.” The Buffalo News, December 11. Retrieved March 4, 2016 ( in-12-years-of-political-scandals-in-albany-the-last-two-weeks-stand- out-20151211).

Presserat. 2015. “Publizistische Grundsatze (Pressekodex): Richtlinien Fur Die Publizistische Arbeit Nach Den Empfehlungen Des Deutschen Presserats.” Retrieved February 25, 2016 ( upload/Downloads_Dateien/Pressekodex_bo_web_2015.pdf).

Pulitzer Prizes. 2016a. “Public Service.” The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 14, 2016 (

Pulitzer Prizes. 2016b. “The 1985 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Investigative Reporting.” The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 14, 2016 (http://www.

Pulitzer Prizes. 2016c. “The 1989 Pulitzer Prize Winner in National Reporting.” The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 14, 2016 ( winners/6676).

Pulitzer Prizes. 2016d. “The 2006 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Investigative Reporting.” The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 14, 2016 (http://www.

Pulitzer Prizes. 2016e. “The 2009 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Breaking News Reporting.” The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 14, 2016 (http://www.

Pulitzer Prizes. 2016f. “The 2012 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Feature Writing.” The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved February 14, 2016 ( winners/7163).

Puppis, Manuel. 2010. Einfuhrung in Die Medienpolitik. 2. ed. Konstanz: UVK. Retrieved (

Pyle, Richard and Ula Ilnytzky. 2012. “AP Vietnam Correspondent Malcolm Browne Dies.” The Associated Press, August 28. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (http: / / ap-vietnam-correspondent-malcolm-browne-dies).

Quandt, Thorsten. 2008. “(No) News on the World Wide Web? A Comparative Content Analysis of Online News in Europe and the United States.” Journalism Studies 9(5):717-38.

Reed, Isaac. 2008. “Justifying Sociological Knowledge: From Realism to Interpretation.” Sociological Theory 26(2):101-29.

Reich, Zvi. 2006. “The process Model of News Initiative.” Journalism Studies 7(4):497-514.

Reinemann, Carsten. 2004. “Routine Reliance Revisited: Exploring Media Importance for German Political Journalists.” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 81(4):857-76.

Reporters Without Borders. 2015. “2015 World Press Freedom Index.” Retrieved February 24, 2016 (

Revers, Matthias. 2014a. “Journalistic Professionalism as Performance and Boundary Work: Source Relations at the State House.” Journalism 15(1):37-52.

Revers, Matthias. 2014b. “The Twitterization of News Making: Transparency and Journalistic Professionalism.” Journal of Communication 64(5):806-26.

Revers, Matthias. 2015. “The Augmented Newsbeat: Spatial Structuring in a Twitterized News Ecosystem.” Media, Culture & Society 37(1):3-18.

Rich, Frank. 2007. “All the President’s Press.” The New York Times, April 29, 12.

Richter, Peter. 2014. “Snowden Reloaded.” SuddeutscheZeitung, October 13, 11.

Robinson, Sue. 2011. “‘Journalism as Process’: The Organizational Implications of Participatory Online News.” Journalism & Communication Monographs 13(3):137-210.

Roll, Evelyn. 1998. “Der „Spiegel” Ruff Die Revolution Aus: Kunftig Werden Alle Autoren Einen Namen Haben.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, September 24, 21.

Rudolph, Hermann. 2007. “Friedrich Karl Fromme Gestorben.” Der Tagesspiegel, January 17. Retrieved January 30, 2014 ( medien/friedrich-karl-ffomme-gestorben/799568.html).

Ryfe, David M. 2012. Can Journalism Survive: An Inside Look at American Newsrooms. Cambridge; Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Schmitz Weiss, Amy and David Domingo. 2010. “Innovation Processes in Online Newsrooms as Actor-Networks and Communities of Practice.” New Media & Society 12(7):1156-71.

Schneider, Beate, Klaus Schonbach, and Dieter Sturzebecher. 1993. “Westdeutsche Journalisten Im Vergleich: Jung, Professionell Und Mit Spafi an Der Arbeit.” Publizistik 38(1):5-30.

Schneider, Jens. 2012. “SZ-Redakteure Lehnen Henri-Nannen-Preis Ab.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, May 15. Retrieved February 7, 2014 (http://www.sued- sz-redakteure-lehnen-henri-nannen-preis-ab-1.1355532).

Schrom, Oliver and Markus Grill. 2012. “Nach Nannen-Eklat: Zeit Zum Umdenken.” Retrieved ( Presse/120512-Nach-Nannen-Eklat-Zeit-zum-Umdenken/).

Schudel, Matt. 2011. “Tom Wicker, Columnist and D.C. Bureau Chief for New York Times, Dies at 85.” The Washington Post, November 27. Retrieved February 2, 2014 ( wicker-columnist-and-dc- bureau-chief-for-new-york-times-- dies-at-85/2011/11/26/gIQAoXErzN_story.html).

Schudel, Matt. 2012a. “Julian Goodman, NBC President Who Battled White House and Apologized for ‘Heidi Bowl,’ Dies at 90.” The Washington Post, July 4. Retrieved February 1, 2014 ( tv/julian-goodman-nbc-president-who-battled-white-house-and-apologized-for- heidi-bowl-dies-at-90/2012/07/04/gJQAfOGvNW_story.html).

Schudel, Matt. 2012b. “Malcolm W. Browne, Pulitzer-Winning Journalist Who Captured Indelible Vietnam Image, Dies at 81.” The Washington Post, August 29. Retrieved February 3, 2014 ( obituaries/malcolm-w-browne-pulitzer-winning-journalist-who-captured- indelible-vietnam-image-dies-at-81/2012/08/28/cce02f8e-f12e-11e1-a612- 3cfc842a6d89_story.html).

Schudson, Michael. 1978. Discovering the News: A Social History of American Newspapers. New York: Basic Books.

Schudson, Michael. 1995. The Power of News. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Schudson, Michael. 2001. “The Objectivity Norm in American Journalism.” Journalism 2(2):149-70.

Schudson, Michael. 2005. “Autonomy from What?” Pp. 214-23 in Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field, edited by R. Benson and E. Neveu. Cambridge, Malden, MA: Politiy Press.

Schudson, Michael. 2007. “The Anarchy of Events and the Anxiety of Story Telling.” Political Communication 24(3):253-57.

Schultz, David A. and John R. Vile, eds. 2005. The Encyclopedia of Civil Liberties in America. Armonk, N.Y: Sharpe Reference.

Schutz, Walter J. 1999. “Entwicklung Der Tagespresse.” Pp. 109-34 in Mediengeschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, edited by J. Wilke. Bonn: Bundeszentrale fur Politische Bildung.

Seiler, Casey. 2011. “A Twitter Convert’s Testament.” Albany Times Union, June 27. Retrieved August 13, 2015 ( article/A-Twitter-convert-s-testament-1440417.php).

sha/ddp/dpa. 2009. “Renommierter Journalist Und Autor: Martin E. Suskind Ist Tot.” Spiegel Online, September 14. Retrieved January 31,2014 (http://www. sueskind-ist-tot-a-648812.html).

Shoemaker, Pamela J. and Stephen D. Reese. 1996. Mediating the Message: Theories of Influences on Mass Media Content. White Plains, NY: Longman.

Siering, Friedemann. 2002. “Zeitung Fur Deutschland: Die Grundergeneration Der ‘Frankfurter Allgemeinen.’” Pp. 7-34 in Die Herren Journalisten: die Elite der deutschen Presse nach 1945, Beck’sche Reihe, edited by L. Hachmeister and F. Siering. Munich: Beck. Retrieved (35-86).

Sigal, Leon V. 1973. Reporters and Officials: The Organization and Politics of Newsmaking. Lexington, Mass.,: D. C. Heath.

Singer, Jane. 2005. “The Political J-Blogger.” Journalism 6(2):173-98.

Singer, Jane. 2007. “Contested Autonomy: professional and popular Claims on Journalistic Norms.” Journalism Studies 8(1):79-95.

Singer, Jane B. et al. 2011. Participatory Journalism: Guarding Open Gates at Online Newspapers. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K ; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Small, Mario Luis. 2009. “‘How Many Cases Do I Need?’.” Ethnography 10(1):5-38.

Smith, Ben. 2005. “Undisputed King Of Albany Press Is Fred U. Dicker.” New York Observer, January 10. Retrieved March 6, 2014 (http://observer. com/2005/01/undisputed-king-of-albany-press-is-fred-u-dicker).

Smith, Ben. 2012. “Cuomo Aide Slammed Reporter In Dossier.” BuzzFeed, April 15. Retrieved July 5, 2015 (


Smith, Chris. 2011. “The Gamer.” New York Magazine, March 27.

Smith, Philip. 2005. Why War?: The Cultural Logic ofIraq, the Gulf War, and Suez. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Sobieraj, Sarah. 2011. Soundbitten: The Perils of Media-Centered Political Activism. New York: New York University Press.

Sparks, Colin and John Tulloch. 2000. Tabloid Tales: Global Debates over Media Standards. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Statista. 2016. “Newspaper Reach Worldwide 2015, by Platform.” Statista. Retrieved March 18, 2016 ( newspaper-reach-platform/).

Stern Online. 2012. “Die Preisverleihung in Voller Lange.” Retrieved July 19, 2015 ( die-preisverleihung-in-voller-laenge-1826270.html).

Stober, Rudolf. 2000. Deutsche Pressegeschichte Einfuhrung, Systematik, Glossar. Konstanz: UVK-Medien.

Stolzenberg, Christopher. 2006. “Joachim Fest Gestorben: Der Intellektuelle Unter Den Konservativen.” Suddeutsche Zeitung, September 12. Retrieved February 4, 2014 (


Stromback, Jesper. 2008. “Four Phases of Mediatization: An Analysis of the Mediatization of Politics.” The International Journal of Press/Politics 13(3):228-46.

Swedberg, Richard. 2014. The Art of SocialTheory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Tavory, Iddo and Nina Eliasoph. 2013. “Coordinating Futures: Toward a Theory of Anticipation.” American Journal of Sociology 118(4):908-42.

The New York Times. 2004. “Ethical Journalism: A Handbook of Values and Practices for the News and Editorial Departments.” Retrieved July 5, 2015

( J ournalism_0904-1.pdf).

The New York Times. 2008. “Guidelines on Integrity.” Retrieved July 5, 2015 ( updated-2008.pdf).

Theodor-Wolff-Preis. 2005. “Pramierter Text: Meine Freundin Ana.” Retrieved February 10, 2014 ( verleihung-2005/lara-fritzsche/).

Theodor-Wolff-Preis. 2008. “Pramierter Text: Spritzensport Fufiball.” Retrieved February 7, 2014 ( verleihung-2008/thomas-kistner/).

Theodor-Wolff-Preis. 2011a. “Pramierter Text: Der Zugnomade.” Retrieved July 20, 2015 (


Theodor-Wolff-Preis. 2011b. “Pramierter Text: Ein Schiff Mit Kurs Gerechtigkeit.” Retrieved October 2, 2014 (


Theodor-Wolff-Preis. 2013. “Pramierter Text: Im Namen Des Volkes, Auf Kosten Des Kindes.” Retrieved October 2, 2014 ( preisverleihung/preisverleihung2013/jan-haarmeyer/).

Thomas, Ryan J. and Teri Finneman. 2014. “Who Watches the Watchdogs?” Journalism Studies 15(2):172-86.

Timmermans, Stefan and Iddo Tavory. 2012. “Theory Construction in Qualitative Research: From Grounded Theory to Abductive Analysis.” Sociological Theory 30(3):167-86.

Tracy, Marc. 2013. “Behind Andrew Cuomo’s Book Bout With Fredric Dicker: Did a Presidential Contender Quash an Unfriendly Biography?” The New Republic, May 3. Retrieved July 5, 2015 ( cle/113105/new-york-gov-andrew-cuomos-book-bout-fredric-dicker).

Tuchman, Gaye. 1972. “Objectivity as Strategic Ritual: An Examination of Newsmen’s Notions of Objectivity.” American Journal of Sociology 77(4):660-79.

Tunstall, Jeremy. 1970. The Westminster Lobby Correspondents: A Sociological Study of National Political Journalism. London: Routledge & K. Paul.

Tunstall, Jeremy. 1971. Journalists at Work: Specialist Correspondents: Their News Organizations, News Sources, and Competitor-Colleagues. London,: Constable.

Turner, Victor Witter. 1974. Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors: Symbolic Action in Human Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Umbricht, Andrea and Frank Esser. 2016. “The Push to Popularize Politics.” Journalism Studies 17(1):100-121.

Unsigned. 1990. “Gestorben: Diether Stolze.” Der Spiegel, October 29, 334.

Unsigned. 1995. “Tom Pettit, 64, TV Reporter for NBC.” The New York Times, December 23. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (http://www.nytimes.


Unsigned. 2002a. “RudolfAugstein 1st Tot: Rau Wurdigt Den „Spiegel“-Grunder Als Deutschlands Grofiten Publizisten.” Tagesspiegel, November 8. Retrieved February 3, 2014 ( tot/361800.html).

Unsigned. 2002b. “‘Spiegel’-Herausgeber Rudolf Augstein 1st Tot.” Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, November 7. Retrieved February 3, 2014 (http://www. tot-182035.html).

Unsigned. 2011. “Gestorben: Reinhard Appel.” Der Spiegel, July 4, 146.

Unsigned. 2012. “Gestorben.” Der Spiegel, August 5, 166.

Usher, Nikki. 2014. Making News at the New York Times. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Uzzi, Brian. 1997. “Social Structure and Competition in Interfirm Networks: The Paradox of Embeddedness.” Administrative Science Quarterly 42(1):35-67.

van Venrooij, Alex and Vaughn Schmutz. 2010. “The Evaluation of Popular Music in the United States, Germany and the Netherlands: A Comparison of the Use of High Art and Popular Aesthetic Criteria.” Cultural Sociology 4(3):395-421.

Waisbord, Silvio. 2013. Reinventing Professionalism: Journalism and News in Global Perspective. Cambridge; Malden, MA: Polity.

Waisbord, Silvio, ed. 2014. Media Sociology: A Reappraisal. Cambridge: Politiy Press.

WAN, World Association of Newspapers. 2006. World Press Trends 2006. Paris, France: World Association of Newspapers.

WAN, World Association of Newspapers. 2010. World Press Trends 2010. Paris, France: World Association of Newspapers. Retrieved (http://library.princeton. edu/catalogs/restricted/worldpresstrends.php).

Weaver, David H. 1998. “Journalists Around the World: Commonalities and Differences.” Pp. 455-80 in The Global Journalist. News People Around the World, edited by D. H. Weaver and W. Wu. Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press.

Weaver, David H., Randal A. Beam, Bonnie J. Brownlee, Paul S. Voakes, and G. Cleveland Wilhoit. 2007. The American Journalist in the 21st Century: U.S. News People at the Dawn of a New Millennium. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Weaver, David H. and Lars Willnat. 2012a. “Journalists in the 21st Century: Conclusions.” Pp. 529-51 in The global journalist in the 21st century. New York: Routledge.

Weaver, David H. and Lars Willnat. 2012b. The Global Journalist in the 21st Century. New York: Routledge.

Weber, Max. 1949. Max Weber on the Methodology of the Social Sciences. [1st ed. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Weischenberg, Siegfried, Maja Malik, and Armin Scholl. 2012. “Journalism in Germany in the 21st Century.” Pp. 205-19 in The global journalist in the 21st century, edited by D. H. Weaver and L. Willnat. New York: Routledge.

Wicker, Tom. 1978. On Press. New York: Viking.

Wilke, Jurgen. 1993. “Spion Des Publikums, Sittenrichter Und Advokat Der Menschheit : Wilhelm Ludwig Wekhrlin (1739-1792) Und Die Entwicklung Des Journalismus in Deutschland.” Publizistik 38(3):322-34.

Wilke, Jurgen. 1999. “Uberblick Und Phasengliederung.” Pp. 15-27 in Mediengeschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, edited by J. Wilke. Bonn: Bundeszentrale fur Politische Bildung.

Woo, Elaine. 2006. “A.M. Rosenthal, 84; Venerated Editor Recast the N.Y. Times.” Los Angeles Times, May 11. Retrieved February 4, 2014 (

Wunsch-Vincent, Sacha. 2010. “Online News: Recent Developments, New Business Models and Future Prospects.” Pp. 25-37 in The Changing Business of Journalism and its Implications for Democracy, edited by D. A. L. Levy and R. K. Nielsen. Oxford: Reuters Institute for the Stufy of Journalism.

Yardley, William. 2012. “Malcolm W. Browne, Pulitzer-Prize Winning Reporter, Dies at 81.” The New York Times, August 28. Retrieved February 1, 2014 ( pulitzer-winner-dies-at-81.html).

Yin, Robert K. 2003. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Zelizer, Barbie. 1993. “Journalists as Interpretive Communities.” Critical Studies in Mass Communication 10(3):219-37.

Zelizer, Barbie and Stuart Allan. 2003. Journalism After September 11. London ; New York: Routledge.

< Prev   CONTENTS   Source