The History Problem : The Politics of War Commemoration in East Asia

The History Problem as a Collision of Nationalist CommemorationsCosmopolitanism as a New Logic of CommemorationToward a Field Theory of the History ProblemOrganization of the BookCross-National Fragmentation, 1945-1964The Tokyo Trial and the Reverse CourseRejection, Acceptance, and Critique of the Tokyo TrialNationalist Commemoration of War DeadReinserting the Nationalist Logic into EducationImperfect Cosmopolitan Commemoration in Hiroshima and NagasakiPostwar Japan’s Relations with South Korea and ChinaAfter the Asia-Pacific War, Before the History ProblemThe Growth of Transnational Interactions, 1965-1988Commemorating the Double Tragedy of Colonial Rule and the Atomic BombingsThe Normalization of Japan-China RelationsPursuing Government Sponsorship for the Yasukuni ShrineGrowing Tensions between Domestic and International DemandsNew Developments in Japan’s Relations with South Korea and ChinaThe Beginning of the History ProblemApologies and Denunciations, 1989-1996The Changing Structure of International Political OpportunitiesThe “Comfort Women” Controversy between Japan and South KoreaA New Opportunity for Cosmopolitan CommemorationA-bomb Victims as a Focal Point of War-Related CompensationRamifications of Compromised Apologies and CompensationGrowing Strains in Japan’s Relations with ChinaNationalist Counterattacks: Educational Implications of the History ProblemGrowing Cosmopolitanism and the Escalating History ProblemThe Coexistence of Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism, 1997-2015JSHTR’s Campaign against the “Masochistic Historical View”A Downward Spiral of Nationalist CommemorationsThe Compromise of Nationalism and Cosmopolitanism in EducationJoint Historical Research and Textbook ProjectsNew Dynamics in Domestic and Regional PoliticsThe Future of the History ProblemThe Legacy of the Tokyo TrialPostwar Debates on the Tokyo Trial and War ResponsibilityBeyond “Victor’s Justice”: Collectively Confronting the Imperial PastBeyond Victim Consciousness: Doubling Japan’s Identity as Perpetrator and VictimBeyond the Government-Centered View of War ResponsibilityThe Role of the United States in the History ProblemToward a Critical Reassessment of the Tokyo TrialThe Role of Historians in the History ProblemHistorians as Epistemically Oriented Rooted CosmopolitansMutual Criticism of Nationalist CommemorationsLimited Influence of Historians on Governments and CitizensEast Asia’s History Education ProblemFrom Historians’ Debate to Cosmopolitan CommemorationRethinking the Role of Apology in ReconciliationCommemorative Responsibility for the Future: A Pragmatist Position and Its Policy ImplicationsFinal ReflectionsBibliography
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