Number of Decent Green Jobs in Green Industries

Indicator definition: Percentage of jobs in total jobs that can be classified as a) decent jobs, b) green occupations, c) jobs in green industries, or a combination of two or all three of the above (cf. figure 37).

Goal: To increase the number of decent green jobs in green industries, i.e., employment in those sectors and preparing potential employees for work in them. As an intermediate step, an increase of jobs that fulfill at least one or two of the three aspects above is aimed at.

Policy Relevance: To realize sustainable LMP, the jobs created or the jobs that formerly unemployed individuals are placed in should meet at least some of the requirements for sustainable jobs. It has been discussed in chapter 3 that not all requirements are likely to be met in one job at once. But to realize sustainable development with the help of LMP, it is necessary to increase the number of at least partly sustainable jobs. This indicator is relevant for all dimensions of sustainable development.

Limitations of the indicator: The biggest challenge is the classification of jobs and companies into the aspects of sustainable jobs. As described in chapter 3, the selfregistration and -classification of companies can lead to distortions in the data.

Methodology: There is no internationally acknowledged method of data collection yet; standards for the classification of the jobs have to be developed.

Data source and availability: Data can only be collected by either surveys or through (self-) classification by employees, employers or labor agencies. With the data bases existing so far, only rough estimates of the indicator are possible, and comparability between regions or nations is impossible.

Quality of the data: No reliable data collection yet.


This chapter introduced a number of indicators that are either already used to assess the effects of LMP or should be included in evaluations to consider the aspect of sustainability in the measures. Each indicator was discussed according to the criteria necessary for analyzing the content and quality of an indicator. Special attention was given to the measurement of sustainability, including the policy relevance and the dimensions of sustainability concerned. To structure the choice of indicators, a classification into macro- and micro-level indicators was made.

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