Cultural Governance and the European Union: Protecting and Promoting Cultural Diversity in Europe

I EU Cultural Policy The Cultural Logic of Economic IntegrationA cultural policy by any other name?The development of an explicit cultural policy by the EUConclusionNotesEncapsulating EU Cultural Policy into the EU's Growth and Competiveness Agenda: Explaining the Success of a Paradigmatic Shift in BrusselsAgenda-setting and framingA paradigmatic shift: Emergence of the 'creativity frame'The knowledge economy as a meta-frameFrame proponents, frame opponentsDG EAC's reach-out strategyConverging interests around the 'creativity frame'ConclusionNoteThe Cultural Open Method of CoordinationStructuring the cultural OMCThe first cycle of the cultural OMC: 2008-2010The second cycle of the cultural OMC: 2011-2014Cultural policy coordinationConclusionNotesThe Creative Europe Programme: Policy-Making Dynamics and OutcomesEU cultural support instrumentsAudiovisual support programmes pre-2014Creative EuropeThe negotiation processDebates and outcomesConclusionNotesII EU Internal Policies and CultureThe Protection of National Treasures in the EU Single MarketFree movement of goods and the derogation allowed for the protection of national treasuresProtection of cultural heritage under EU secondary lawControl of the export of cultural goodsConclusionNotesCultural Diversity in the Digital Age: EU Competences, Policies and Regulations for Diverse Audiovisual and Online ContentThe EU's commitment to cultural diversity in relation to its competencesCultural competencesThe freedom to provide audiovisual servicesMedia pluralism as an EU fundamental valueMind public service broadcastingEU policies contributing to cultural diversity in the audiovisual and online sectorsThe AVMS DirectivePromotion of European productionsThe regulatory framework on electronic communicationsOther relevant EU policies and funding in the audiovisual fieldConclusion: 'United in diversity'NotesCultural Diversity and the EU Copyright Policy and RegulationCopyright harmonisation and support to cultural creationThe understanding of the cultural dimension of copyrightCreative and cultural interests versus corporate interestsFair compensation for private copying and reprographyResale right for the authors of original works of graphic and plastic artPerformer rights during the extended period of protection for sound recordingsPromotion of broader access to diverse cultural works and resourcesJoint licensing of diverse online music repertoires: The 'tag-on' regimeDigitising Europe's cultural heritage and bringing it onlineConclusionNotesDigital Rights Management and Rights Licensing in the Online Music Sector: A Case for Cultural Diversity?Cultural diversity as a guiding policy principle in EU action in the field of music?Digital rights managementEU DRM policy, cultural diversity and collecting societiesThe EU Directive on collective rights managementConclusionNotesCultural Diversity and State Aids to the Cultural SectorAid to the audiovisual sectorState aid to the publishing sectorAid to heritage protection and managementAid to support other lato sensu cultural goodsConclusionNotesCultural Diversity and State Aid to Public Service MediaState aid rules and public service mediaThe cultural derogationServices of general economic interestThe special status of public service mediaAmsterdam Protocol, but no cultural exceptionThe decisional practice of the CommissionWait and seeExplorationExpansionConsolidationConclusionNotesIII Fundamental Rights and Culture The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Cultural Diversity in the EUThe Charter and cultural diversity: A general overviewThe Charter: Reshaping the trade/culture balance?The Charter, cultural diversity and the CourtConclusionNotesThe Right to Access Culture under EU LawRecognition of the right to access culture under EU lawThe EU liberal approach of access to cultureAccess to culture before the CJEUEconomic evaluation of cultural policies and proportionalityAccess to culture in EU secondary lawConclusionNotesThe EU's Relationship with Minority RightsThe emergence of minority rights in the EU: EU enlargementMinority protection as a value of the EU (but lacking normative content)Anti-discrimination as the predominant tool for minority protection in the EURespect for and promotion of diversity Linguistic and cultural diversityReligious diversityDiversity in representation and political participationConclusion: Where does minority protection stand in the EU?NotesIV EU External Policies and Culture The European Union, the World Trade Organization and Cultural DiversityA look at the origins of the cultural diversity discourseThe law of the WTO and the agreement to disagreeDoha round developmentsConcluding remarksNotesThe Implementation of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions in EU External RelationsFramework for dealing with culture in external trade policyCulture in the EU's external trade policy and the WTOA new approach: Protocols on cultural cooperationAims of protocols on cultural cooperationCriticisms on protocols on cultural cooperationChanges to protocols on cultural cooperationFurther developmentsConclusionNotesEU Cultural Cooperation with Third Countries: The Cases of Latin America and the MediterraneanCultural cooperation in EU external relations: An overviewCultural cooperation with Latin AmericaEU bilateral relations with Mexico and BrazilThe supranational level: Cooperation with regional entitiesCultural cooperation with the Mediterranean countriesConclusionNotesThe EU's cultural policyCultural action elsewhereConclusionNote
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