Postscript

The question might continue to linger: Why Eucken, Driesch, and China? And what became of the place they occupied in the Chinese intellectual scene of the 1920s since their names appear to be forgotten? There is a hint of an answer in a remark of Theodor W. Adorno in Minima Moralia. Adorno notes how Marx— we should add the Chinese adaptation and appropriation of Marxism and Soviet communism—had occupied the vacant places of Driesch and Rickert (i.e., of German Idealist thought) in the Far East (and Eucken could well be added to this group):

It can happen easily enough that in the Far East Marx takes the place vacated by Driesch and Rickert. At times it is to be feared that the interrelationship of the non-Occidental peoples in the antagonisms of industrial society, in itself long overdue, will primarily benefit the rational increase of production and transport and the modest raising of living standards, rather than those to be emancipated. Instead of expecting miracles from pre-capitalist peoples, the mature capitalist ones ought to be on their guard against their own sobriety, their slipshod affirmation of what is traditional, and the successes of the West.130

 
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