Policy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Processes and Outcomes

Structural Reforms in Higher EducationStructural Reforms in 11 European CountriesHorizontal Differentiation Reform ProcessesVertical Differentiation Structural Reform ProcessesInstitutional Relationships as Structural ReformsA Public Policy Analysis Framework for Studying Structural ReformsAgenda Setting and Policy DesignPolicy ImplementationPolicy EvaluationEffects and Outcomes of Structural ReformsStructural Reforms in ContextBrief Note on the Methodology of the Country StudiesReferencesHorizontal Differentiation ProcessesReform of the Fachhochschulen in AustriaIntroduction and HistoryThe Goals of the Structural ReformThe Policy Design Process of the Structural ReformKey Actors and Characteristics of the Implementation ProcessMilestones, Changes and Side-Effects of the Structural Reform ProcessReflection on the Structural Reform Process and OutlookNotesReferencesPartial Horizontal Differentiation in Croatian Higher Education: How Ideas, Institutions and Interests Shape the Policy ProcessAssessing and Explaining Policy Outcomes: A Conceptual FrameworkUnpacking Policy Process: the ‘What’ and ‘Why’ of Croatian Partial Horizontal DifferentiationThe Chronology of the ReformThe ‘What’ of Policy Outcome: Have the Reform Goals Been Achieved?The ‘Why’ of the Policy OutcomePolicy ContentInstitutional ArrangementsThe Politics of the ProcessConclusionNotesReferencesStrengthening Research at the Dutch ‘Hogescholen’: From Ideas to InstitutionalizationIntroduction: The Role of Ideas in Policy Processes‘Hogescholen’ in the NetherlandsOrigins of the IdeaCoalition Building and Consolidating the IdeaFrom Idea to ActionWhat Happened Further: Fine-tuning of Position and New InstrumentsEffects: Institutionalization of the Hogescholen Research Function?Lessons from the Dutch CaseNotesReferencesPulling the Plug in a Bathtub: The Big Consequences of a Small Change in Norwegian Higher EducationAnalytical ApproachStructural Elements in the Quality ReformThe Historical Development in the Norwegian Higher Education SectorSetting the Agenda - Quality Reform as a Comprehensive ReformThe Decision and Instruments Proposed for Structural ChangeHands-Off ImplementationEffects: ‘Pulling the Plug in the Bathtub’Epilogue: Changes after the Quality ReformSmall Changes, Big ConsequencesNotesReferencesThe Government Response to the Private Sector Expansion in PolandRationale for the ReformsPolicy Design and InstrumentsImplementationResults and Unintended EffectsConclusionsNoteReferencesII Vertical Differentiation ProcessesThe Danish UNIK Initiative: An NPM-Inspired Mechanism to Steer Higher EducationThe Danish HE SystemThe Design and Implementation Process of the UNIK InitiativeThe Outcome of the UNIK InitiativeThe Effects of the UNIK Initiative on the Research ActivitiesThe Effects of the UNIK Initiative at the Institutional LevelThe Effects of the UNIK Initiative at the Systemic LevelDiscussion and ConclusionReferencesFrance: Initiatives for ExcellenceContext and Background of French ReformsThe Shanghai ShockPolicy ResponsesDesign Process for the ReformConcentration of Higher Education and Research Institutions in PRES and COMUEImprovement of Facilities: Plan Campus and IDEXMonitoring InstrumentsDiscussion and ConclusionNotesReferencesThe International Campus of Excellence Initiative in SpainThe Spanish Higher Education System and the Roots of the ReformThe Design of the Reform and Its GoalsHigh Expectations in ActionCrafting the ProposalsSelectionImplementation, Evaluation and MonitoringThe Context of Implementation and the Impact of the ReformReflections and ConclusionsNotesReferencesExternal LinksIII Institutional Relationships Setting Up Associations in Flemish Higher EducationThe Background of the 2003 Structural ReformObjectives of the Structural ReformThe Policy Design Process: Limited Set of Options, Swift Decision-MakingFirst Movers and Late Adopters in the Implementation ProcessIntended and Unintended OutcomesExplaining Success and FailureReferencesFinnish mergers: Change in the Context of ContinuityThe Dynamics of Continuity and Change in Finnish Higher EducationThe Instrumental and Strategic Goals of the Structural ReformThe Universities Act Paving the Way for Structural DevelopmentEngineering Consensus in the Implementation StageThe Aftermath - Continuity in the Context of ChangeNotesReferencesPolicy-Making for Structural Reforms in the Welsh Higher Education LandscapeIntroduction: Mergers as Structural Reforms in EuropeMerger Processes: Types of PolicymakingBottom-Up Coordination: Lessons from the Open Method of CoordinationThe Context to the Welsh Structural Reform ProcessBottom-Up Coordination: Lessons from the Open Method of CoordinationFirst Wave Mergers (2002-2006)Second Wave Mergers (2006-2009)Third Wave Mergers (2010-Date)Bottom-Up Initiative in Structural Reforms Viewed as an Open Method of CoordinationCoordinating Bottom-Up Mobilisation for Effective Structural ReformReferencesStructural Reforms in European Higher Education: Concluding ReflectionsFocused Comparisons of Changes in the Higher Education LandscapeEstablishment of a Binary SectorVertical DifferentiationInstitutional MergersResearch - Teaching NexusOther Reforms: Accreditation and QualityCross-Case View of Critical Elements in the Policy ProcessAgenda-Setting and Policy DesignImplementationEvaluation and MonitoringContexts MatterCritical Elements: SummaryReflections on (Higher Education) Policy AnalysisReferences
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