One Billion Hungry: Can We Feed the World?
Acute and Chronic CrisesMrs. NamarundaFood Price SpikesThe Chronic CrisisRising PopulationsRising Per Capita IncomesDemand for BiofuelsRising Oil and Fertilizer PricesThe Scarcity of Land“Land Grabs”Scarcity of WaterSlowing Productivity IncreasesThe Impact of Climate ChangeOutline of the BookWhat Is Hunger?The Nature of HungerThe Food We NeedNot Just CaloriesThe First 1,000 DaysMicronutrient DeficienciesMalnutrition and III HealthHow Is Hunger Calculated?The Global Hunger IndexHousehold SurveysAccess and UtilizationHunger and PovertyRural PovertyPoverty and LandPoverty by Ethnicity and GenderCity of JoyThe Role of TechnologyThe Green RevolutionFirst Steps in MexicoRust Resistant WheatStarting on the Green RevolutionShort-Strawed WheatDwarf Wheat to AsiaShort-Strawed Rices“A Miracle Rice”The Chinese RevolutionsPackages of InputsTeething ProblemsMore Serious ObstaclesEnvironmental EffectsWho Benefited?Hunger and PovertyThe Benefits to FarmersIncreasing EmploymentThe Key Factors in the Green RevolutionTotal Factor ProductivityThe Green Revolution SummarizedThe Political Economy of Food SecurityThe Nature of Political EconomyFood Security TodayDefinitions of Food SecurityFood Self-SufficiencyFood SovereigntyPrice VolatilityProtectionismHigh TariffsTrade LiberalizationNegotiating Freer TradeThe Doha RoundThe Experience of LiberalizationLiberalization in MadagascarContract farming of high-value vegetablesFood AidThe Lens of Political EconomicsA Doubly Green RevolutionThe Concept of DevelopmentThe Resource CurseAgricultural DevelopmentThe Virtuous CircleAnother Green Revolution?A Doubly Green RevolutionSmallholders as the Agents of ChangeHome GardensIncreasing ProductivityIncreasing YieldsReducing InstabilityBuilding ResilienceEquitabilityThe Example of North ArcotA Theory of ChangeSustainable IntensificationThe Nature of SustainabilityThe Contribution of EcologyThe Concept of AgroecosystemsTrade-OffsA Sustainable AgricultureEcology and AgricultureEcosystem ServicesAgronomy and HusbandryThe Dynamics of IntercroppingThe Utilization of BiodiversityConserving GermplasmHabitat ConservationFarm HouseholdsThe Nature of LivelihoodsIn and Out of PovertySustainable LivelihoodsThe Rights to LandThe Challenges of IntensificationAppropriate TechnologyBoth . . . And . . .The BarriersWhat Is Appropriate?Selective Use of Conventional TechnologiesPrecision in ApplicationThe Relevance of Traditional TechnologiesThe Development of Intermediate TechnologiesAdvanced Technologies for the FutureInformation and Communication TechnologyThe Potential of NanotechnologyBiotechnologyThe Returns to ResearchResearch SystemsGlobal InnovationConsultative Group on International Agricultural ResearchWhat Makes Technologies AppropriateCreating MarketsThe Role of MarketsMarket ReformsImproving the Benefits from Value ChainsCommodity ExchangesFood SafetyFarmer AssociationsContract FarmingFair TradeSmallholders and the Value ChainAgrodealersExperiments in Crop InsuranceMicroinsuranceMicrocreditWarrantage systemsWarehouse receipt systemsConnectivityPhysical InfrastructureICT InfrastructureThe Enabling EnvironmentDesigner CropsBreeding for the Green RevolutionHybrid MaizeHybrid RiceLivestock BreedingCross-Breeding LivestockLimitations of Conventional BreedingThe Power of BiotechnologyMarker-Assisted SelectionDeepwater and Submergence-Tolerant RiceTissue CultureEmbryo RescueAdvanced Cell CultureRecombinant DNABiofortificationEconomic BenefitsThe HazardsFundamental ChallengesThe Livestock RevolutionThe Nature of the RevolutionThe Benefits of LivestockThe Importance of Animal Source FoodThe experimentThe baselineThe outcomesLivestock LivelihoodsLivestock and the EnvironmentThe Diversity of Livestock SystemsGrazing SystemsThe Problem of OvergrazingPastoralismMixed SystemsDairy Cattle in Mixed FarmsThe Value of Dairy GoatsIndustrial Livestock SystemsAnimal FoodstuffsBreeding Better ForageIncreasing Lysine and Reducing LigninControlling DiseasesFarmers as InnovatorsTraditional ExtensionAgroecosystem AnalysisFarmers as AnalystsParticipatory ExtensionFarmer Field SchoolsFarmers as ExperimentersFarmers as BreedersMother-Baby TrialsThe Participation RevolutionBeing InnovativeSystem of Rice IntensificationThe Task AheadControlling PestsUsing PesticidesHazards to Human HealthField Data from the PhilippinesPesticide InefficiencyModern PesticidesPesticides Used by Organic FarmersAgronomic MethodsBiological ControlPest EvolutionBreeding for Crop ResistanceBt GenesResistance to BtIntegrated Pest ManagementControlling the Brown PlanthopperIPM in Farmer Field SchoolsIPM and Bt GenesRooted in the SoilNutrient CyclingSynthetic FertilizersPossible Health RisksEnvironmental PollutionReducing WastageBreeding for Nitrogen Use EfficiencyLand DegradationThe Impact of Soil ErosionSoil ConservationPhysical ConservationBiological Soil ConservationConservation FarmingReturning Carbon to the SoilOrganic FarmingIncreasing NitrogenNitrogen from LegumesGreen ManuringAgroforestryManures and CompostsParticipatory ConservationIntegrated Nutrient ManagementSustained by WaterThe Agricultural DemandThe Hydrological CycleConflicts over Water UseRiver BasinsLarge-Scale IrrigationDecreasing GroundwaterWaterlogging and SalinizationManaging Irrigation SystemsCorruptionCommunity Control of IrrigationEngineering SolutionsWater HarvestingBreeding for Water Use EfficiencyWater and FisheriesAquacultureImproved Water ManagementAdapting to Climate ChangeThe Most VulnerableThe Economic CostsThe Global ImpactsKnowns and UnknownsThe Global DriversAlternation of the MonsoonsEl Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) of the PacificThe Regional ChangesThe Impact on Crop ProductionCarbon FertilizationLivestock and Pasture ProductionPests, Diseases, and WeedsWater SuppliesExtreme EventsThe Overall EffectsAdaptation and ResilienceThe Responses of FarmersMoroccoHazards and ResponsesCoping with StressCoping with ShocksBuilding ResilienceReducing Greenhouse GasesAgricultural EmissionsFuture GrowthApproaches to MitigationWhere Is the Carbon?Preventing Land Use ChangeGetting Carbon Back into the SoilImproving ProductivityConservation FarmingAgroforestryLand RestorationReducing Nitrogen EmissionsReducing Livestock EmissionsChanging DietsReducing Emissions from Rice FieldsPaying for MitigationThe Mitigation PotentialClean Development MechanismTrade-OffsUsing Biomass for FuelThe Future of BiofuelsThe Challenges AheadThe Barriers