Evolution of attitudes in Europe
Moving now to the European countries for which comparable trend data are available, we find similar patterns: a slight or no rally effect at the beginning, leading to stable or slightly increasing support between late March and mid-April to be followed by a decline in support (Figure 5.2).
In France, where the public was divided at the beginning of the war almost equally between supporters and opponents, support increased during the first half of April too, to be followed by a progressive erosion of support. A similar, but less pronounced pattern was found for Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. It should be noted, however, that the average trend line displayed in this figure is based on averages for differently worded poll questions asked in different countries. It hides, therefore, a considerable diversity.
Figure 5.2 Support for air strikes in war against Serbia over Kosovo, EU (France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and United Kingdom) (1999) (in % support)