GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

GERD or commonly called reflux esophagitis is an inflammation caused from gastric juice flowing into the esophagus. The reflux of acidic gastric juice into the lower end of the esophagus erodes the mucosal lining of the esophagus. Changes in the height of the basal cell layer and the papillae can stimulate nerves that are sensitive to acid like orange juice, or aspirin passing through the esophagus, which causes a heartburn sensation [8,9].

The main function of the esophagus is to carry food from the mouth to the cardia of the stomach. The cardia normally prevents leakage of the gastric juices back into the esophagus from the stomach and its major role is to allow belching of gases consumed from carbonated beverages or fermented products like beer [10].

Treatment for GERD is usually with histamine blockers or omeprazole. Individuals prone to GERD should be advised to avoid foods that are known to increase symptoms of reflux like chocolate, peppermint, onions, coffee, alcohol, and fatty foods [11].

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