Major Components of NCRB

NCRB has an effective management system, which works under the following parts.

7.1.1.1 Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)

The Crime and Criminal Information System (CCIS) was implemented at the district level during the period 1995-2004. The Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) was implemented at the police station level during the period 2004-2009 in three phases. The four major objective of this body are:

  • 1. Creating state- and central-level databases on crime and criminals.
  • 2. Enable easy sharing of real-time information/intelligence across police stations, districts, and states.
  • 3. Improved investigation and crime prevention.
  • 4. Improved sendee delivery to the public/stakeholders through citizen portals.
  • 7.1.1.2 Citizen Portals

There are various services, as enlisted below, being provided in the citizen portals for the Indian national, such as:

  • 1. Filing of complaints.
  • 2. Obtaining the copies of FIRs.
  • 3. Obtaining the status of the complaint/FIR.
  • 4. Details of arrested persons/wanted criminals and their illegal activities.
  • 5. Details of missing/kidnapped persons and matching them with arrested, unidentified persons and dead bodies.
  • 6. Details of stolen/recovered vehicles, arms, and other properties.
  • 7. Verification requests for servants, employment, passport, senior citizen registrations, etc.
  • 8. Portal for sharing information and enabling citizens to down load required forms.
  • 9. Requests for issue/renewal of various NOCs/permits/clearances.
  • 7.1.1.3 Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)

ICJS has been mandated for integrating CCTNS, police wdth e-courts, e-prisons, forensics, fingerprint bureau, and prosecution, which are the key components of the criminal justice system. Implementation of ICJS ensures quick data transfer among different pillars of criminal justice system.

7.1.1.4 Crime Records Matching

The main objective of the crime record branch is to collect, collate, and disseminate information on crime, criminals, persons, and property for matching purposes. The branch utilizes the following software systems: [1] [2] [3]

agencies, and other intelligence agencies and ministries are stakeholders of this system.

  • 4. Fire Arms Coordination System - This system is used for the coordination of missing/stolen and recovered firearms.
  • 5. Color Portrait Building System - This system is used to create portraits of suspects based on the description given by victims and eyewitnesses.

Since 2011, 600 persons (alive and dead) have been united with their families by matching photographs and other physical features.

Since the launch of the online application Vahan Samanvay in 2014, 68,264 data has been captured and 30,577 stolen vehicles have been matched from different states.

7.1.1.5 Central Finger Print Bureau

The Central Finger Print Bureau (CFPB) came into existence in the year 1955 at Kolkata, India. The CFPB is an apex body in the country to coordinate, guide, monitor, and provide technical support to the state fingerprint bureau, as well as investigating agencies and international organizations such as INTERPOL, in all matters related to the fingerprint science. It maintains the records of 10-digit fingerprint slips of convicted persons and those belonging to specified categories (repository of over 1 million digitized 10-digit fingerprint slips). It is a computerized system of matching fingerprints on the basis of ridge characteristics. CFPB has done pioneering work in automation of fingerprints at the national level through the Automated Finger Print Identification System (AFIS). The software was jointly developed by NCRB and CMC Ltd. The similar kind of AFIS is now extensively being used by many states/UTs for digitization of fingerprints. CFPB also receives a number of finger print document cases, from different government departments, courts of law, banks, post offices, investigation agencies, etc. The other important tasks handled by CFPB are as follows:

  • 1. It imparts training to police and non-police personnel, including an 18-week proficiency course in fingerprint science twice a year.
  • 2. It is also mandated to conduct annual All India Board Examination (AIBE) for accreditation of the fingerprint experts of India.
  • 3. Every year, CFPB also participates in the All India Police Duty Meet (AIPDM) for conducting Finger Print Test.
  • 4. It compiles data collected from Finger States/UT and publishes annually- fingerprint tests in India.
  • 7.1.1.6 Crime Statistics

NCRB brings out three annual reports (i.e.. Crime in India, Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India, and Prison Statistics India). These reports are principal reference points for police officers, researchers, and media and policy makers. Besides, the

Bureau is also collecting crime statistics and anti-human trafficking statistics on monthly basis. After extensive and exhaustive deliberation with various stakeholders, the Performa for Crime in India, Monthly Crime Statistics and Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India was revised in 2014. Performa for Prison Statistics is under revision. Provisions for inclusion of seizures by Central Paramilitary Forces have also been made. NCRB has developed application software for Crime in India (CII), Monthly Crime Statistics (MCS), Accidental Suicide in India (ADSI), and Prison Statistics of India (PSI). The Bureau is also conducting Training of Trainers (ToT) on Crime in India and Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India and Prison Statistics India for officials of SCRB and prison departments of states/UTs. NCRB has been given the "Digital India Awards 2016” in the open data championship category with silver on 9th December, 2016, for updating more than 3,000 data sets on the Open Government Data (OGD) Platform India in open-source format. NCRB has digitized “Crime in India" since 1967 and "Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India” since 1998.

  • [1] Vahan Samanvay - An online motor vehicle coordination system forthe coordination of stolen and recovered motor vehicles across the country.Police, RTOs, and insurance sectors are the main stakeholders. The generalpublic also benefits from this system.
  • [2] Talash Information System - This system is used to maintain and coordinate information on missing, traced, unidentified persons and unidentified dead bodies.
  • [3] Fake Indian Currency Notes System (FICN) - It is an online system forcompilation of fake Indian currency data. Police, banks, investigating
 
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