1. Based on what I have said, and your experiences, how do you think people view and accept mental illness and treatment today? How is it similar to or different from historical views and treatments?

  • 2. What kinds of characteristics and attitudes do you think you might need to have in order to develop a therapeutic, helping relationship in counseling?
  • 3. How do you suppose national accreditation was helpful for the professionalization of counseling?
  • 4. What do you see as the main differences between professional counselors and other types of helping professionals?
  • 5. What are some specific areas of counseling that you might pursue given your thoughts about the future of the profession as well as your personal interests?


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Bankart, C. P. (1997). Talking cures: A history of Western and Eastern psychotherapies. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Erford, B. T. (2013). Orientation to the counseling profession: Advocacy, ethics, and essential professional foundations (2nd ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Gerig, M. S. (2014). Foundations for clinical mental health counseling: An introduction to the profession (2nd ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Kaplan, D. M., Tarvydas, V M., & Gladding, S. T. (2014). 20/20: A vision for the future of counseling: The new consensus definition of counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 92, 366-372.

Myers, J. E., Sweeney, T. J., & Witmer, M. (2000). Counseling for wellness: A holistic model for treatment planning. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78(3), 251-266.

Vacc, N. A., &, Loesch, L. C. (2000). Professional orientation to counseling (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge.

Wedding D., & Corsini, R. J. (2014). Current psychotherapies (10th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/ Cole.

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