THE CONTRIBUTION OF BIG DATA TO ACHIEVING THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

In 2015, with the approval of 193 countries, the United Nations set global sustainable development goals, and the Sustainable Development Goals will continue from 2015 to 2030 with 17 goals: no to poverty, no hunger, good health, quality education, gender equality, clean and healthy water, renewable energy and affordable reasonable, good jobs, innovative, and good infrastructure, reducing inequality, cities, and sustainable coimnunities, responsible use of resources, climate action, climate action, sustainable land use, peace and justice, and partnership for sustainable development.

The UN Secretary-General's independent advisoiy panel on harnessing the data revolution for sustainable development made specific recommendations on how to achieve these goals:

  • • Promoting and encouraging innovation to fill the gaps.
  • • Mobilizing resources to overcome inequality between developing and developed countries, and to overcome inequality between peoples rich in data resources and people slackening them.
  • • Creating leadership and coordination to allow the data revolution to play its frill part in achieving sustainable development.

At the first United Nations Global Data Forum, held in January 2017, more than 1,400 public and private sector data users and producers, as well as policymakers, members of academia and civil society, came together to explore ways to harness the power of data for sustainable development.

The contribution of big data to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals shows [12]:

  • Poverty Eradication: The patterns of the spending provided by cellular can identify income indicators.
  • Ending Hunger Altogether: Tracking food resource prices online can help to monitor food security in real-time.
  • Healthy Water and Sanitation: Sensors connected to water pumps can track access to clean water.
  • Clean and Affordable Energy: Smart metering allows utility companies to increase the flow of electricity, gas, water, and ensure adequate supply during peak periods.
  • Underwater Life: Marine ship tracking data can reveal illegal or unregulated fishing activities.
  • Sustainable Cities and Communities: Remote satellite sensing can track encroachment on land and public spaces such as parks and forests.
  • Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions: Analysis of emotions on social networks can reveal public opinion about effective governance, the provision of public services, or human rights.
  • Partnerships to Achieve Goals: Partnerships that combine statistics, mobile data, and internet data can lead to an immediate understanding of the interconnectedness of today’s world as a small village.
  • Production and Responsible Consumption: Internet search patterns or e-commerce transactions can reveal the pace of the transition to energy-saving products.
  • Life on Land: Social media monitoring can support disaster management with iimnediate information on victims’ locations and the effects of firepower and fog.
  • Economic Growth: Global postal traffic patterns can provide indicators of economic growth, remittances, trade, and GDP.
  • Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure: Data from GPS devices can be used.
  • Climate action: By combining satellite imagery, eyewitness testimonies, and open data, it can help track deforestation.
  • Good Health and Well-Being: Mapping mobile phone users’ movement can help predict the spread of infectious diseases.
  • • The committees are responsible for the work of the Committee, and the committees are responsible for the work of the Committee.
  • Gender Equality7: Analysis of financial transactions can reveal spending patterns for men and women.

Big data can highlight previously unseen disparities in society. For example, women and girls who often work in informal sectors or at home suffer from social constraints on their movement, as well as marginalization in the decision-making process.

As an example of big data and its role in achieving sustainable development, we find a global plus, an innovative initiative of the Un Secretary- General on data science, which amis to raise awareness of the opportunities offered by big data in relation to sustainable development purposes.

Humanitarian work aims to develop high-impact analytical solutions. It provides solutions to the United Nations and government partners through its network of innovative data science centers. The Bols Labs in Jakarta, Indonesia, Kampala, Uganda, and the UNITED Nations headquarters in New York, and to ensure access to big data views across multiple industries has not been able to work with the private sector to activate the concept of data philanthropy, which is intended to make safe and responsible use of partnership data in humanitarian action and development purposes.

For example, Global Blues in 2016 partnered with a Twitter social media platform, and people around the world daily exchange tweets that promise hundreds of millions of dollars in dozens of languages, which contain real-time information on issues such as the cost of food. Jobs, access to medical care, quality of education, and reports on natural resources will be made available to United Nations development and humanitarian agencies.

The possibility of converting public data into actionable information to help countries around the world, one example of such partnerships is the big data for the social good initiative, which uses the big data available from cellular networks to address humanitarian crises, including natural disasters and epidemics. There is also the climate action data initiative, which connects researchers around the world with tools and data available from leading companies to provide data-based solutions to climate issues

[12].

There is a growing recognition that the success of the SDGs will depend on the ability of governments, companies, and civil society organizations to harness data in the decision-making process, and the key is to invest in building innovative data systems that rely on new sources of real-time data.

For sustainable development, big data through smartphone applications helps school workers and community education register students and teachers’ attendance on a transparent and instantaneous basis and follow up more easily with dropout students.

Especially for reasons that can be overcome through interventions based on Informed by community education workers, this information can be automatically fed to statistics that educators can use to track progress in key areas and allow big data through smartphone applications to record patient information in each visit.

This information can go directly to public health statistics that health officials can use to monitor disease outbreaks or the need to strengthen technical personnel; such systems are able to provide a real-time record of important events, including births and deaths.

Even the use of so-called oral autopsy help to determine the cause of death. As part of electronic medical records, information can be used for future visits or to remind patients of the need to follow up on visits or medical interventions. By increasing the effectiveness of data use massive collected during the provision of sendees, the global energy system becomes more efficient and less polluting. And vital sendees such as health and education become more effective and easier to obtain.

This data accelerates sustainable development by improving decisionmaking. This is only a first step as the same methods should also be used to gather some key indicators that measure progress in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The United Nations Solutions Network will help sustainable development in support of the New Global Partnership through the creation of a new specialized data network on sustainable development. This will bring together many data scientists, thinkers, and academics from many sectors to form a center of excellence in the field of data. This is to say that it will be possible to transform data into real progress in sustainable development [13].

 
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